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Meet India’s first 13-tonne multirole defense helicopter.

Meet India's first 13-tonne multirole defense helicopter.

The Indian aerospace sector is gaining international attention. Recently, Indian helicopter fighter jets demonstrated incredible performance at various airshows, demonstrating the strength of the aircraft’s manufacturing and supply.

Meet India's first 13-tonne multirole defense helicopter.

Meet India’s first 13-tonne multirole defense helicopter.

With the introduction of the IMRH, HAL will expand its Helicopter Product offerings from 03 Ton to 13 Ton weight class, as well as address India’s requirement to replace the ageing Mi-17 helicopters, which are due for replacement progressively beginning in 2028. HAL intends to target the global helicopter market by benchmarking the proposed IMRH against its current helicopters, which include the Mi-17, S-92, AW-101, NH-90, and EC-725.

Meet India's first 13-tonne multirole defense helicopter.

Syam Nath G, Chief Designer (Projects) explains about project at Aero India 2021

The Rotory wing R and D center played an important role in the Indian aerospace sector. The HAL Journey of building helicopters began in 1965 with the introduction of the Chetak, and by 1970, with the assistance of France Aérospatiale as a licensee, the Cheetah helicopter was built.

Meet India's first 13-tonne multirole defense helicopter.

Mockup Design of IMRH at AeroIndia

Further, in 2002, It introduced the ALH Dhru, and in 2013, it introduced the ALH Rudra, and in 2017, it launched the Light Combat Helicopter, and in 2019, it launched the Light Utility Helicopter, and now it is planning to build the 13 tonne weighing multirole helicopter. which is set to replace the air force’s MI-17 helicopter

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HAL’s rotory wings design and research Centre in Bangalore designed and developed the helicopter. In the beginning, three prototypes will be created: one for the structural test specimen and one for the ground test vehicle. Certifications are expected 7 years after the project is sanctioned.

HAL’s Rotory wings R & D center in Bangalore designed and developed the helicopter. In the beginning, three prototypes will be created: one for the structural test specimen and one for the ground test vehicle. Certifications are expected 7 years after the project is sanctioned.

Meet India's first 13-tonne multirole defense helicopter.

Syam Nath G, Chief Designer (Projects) explains about project at Aero India 2021

HAL has already constructed a mechanism system, an air frame, blades, and a slew of other component-designed 3D concept parts that are fitted into the concept m It is a Utility and Armed variant designed for unrivalled performance at high altitude for the Indian air force and army.

Meet India's first 13-tonne multirole defense helicopter.

Rotor Mechanism, Shri Syam Nath G, Chief Designer (Projects) explains about project at Aero India 2021

The navalized version will also have a longer range and a greater payload capacity. HAL estimates that over 314 rotocraft of the same class will be required to replace the existing Mil Mi-17 helicopters in service in India.

Meet India's first 13-tonne multirole defense helicopter.

Cockpit instrument panel, Shri Syam Nath G, Chief Designer (Projects) explains about project at Aero India 2021

The helicopter is expected to have a maximum take-off weight of up to 14.2 tonnes and a crew of 24 to 36 people in various configurations. The helicopter will have a two-bladed tail rotor and a five-bladed main rotor with a diameter of 21.2 metres. MRH will be made up of 75% domestic content but will be powered by an imported 2000kW turboshaft engine. At sea level, the payload capacity will be 4 tonnes, and at 13,000 feet, it will be 1.5 tonnes. The aircraft will have two weapons wings with four hard points for up to 1,600 kilograms of armament. two inboard for a total loading capacity of 500 kg and two outboard for a total loading capacity of 300 kg. It can reach a top speed of 260 km/h.

Meet India's first 13-tonne multirole defense helicopter.

Wind Tunnel testing, Shri Syam Nath G, Chief Designer (Projects) explains about project at Aero India 2021

The aircraft has completed the preliminary design phase and is expected to be approved for further development in early 2022. The first flight is scheduled for four years after the development project began, with the introduction scheduled for 2028-29.

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  • It comes up with 5 blades.  it has 19.83 fuselage Length and width will be 2.70 meter and fuselage height is around 2.41.  further the width including with rotor is 4.74 meter.
  • Max take of weight is 13 tons,
  • Max permissible take off weight 14.2 tons,
  • Service ceiling is 6500 meter means up to 21325.46 feet.
  • HOGE ceiling 4500 meter,
  • It has 2000 kg of internal fuel tank endurance for 3 hours,
  • It has 24 seats for default configurations and high density is up to 36 troops it can carry for mission.
  • It has 260 km/h cruise speed.
  • it can carry 4000 kg of payload at sea level.
  • weapons station has 4 hard points inboard has two 500 kg loading and outboard two is for 300 kg loading capacity.
  • It has two engines which combine produces 2000 kW of the power.
  • it has 800 km of the range and which can have the 3 hours of the flight endurance.
  • Rotor dia is around 21.2 meter.

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The HAL is currently releasing a global tender for the component requirements for the new Multipurpose helicopter. Keeping in mind that the government encourages and invites local suppliers to take on the design and construction of HAL components.

Meet India's first 13-tonne multirole defense helicopter.

Final schematic design of IMRH , Shri Syam Nath G, Chief Designer (Projects) explains about project at Aero India 2021

HAL has already constructed the rotor system’s component mechanism. It has undergone virtual stress analysis with the aid of software, and it has a transmission system or gearbox that weighs one tonne and is built in bulk using die casting techniques.

HAL is looking for a special engine for the helicopter that can generate 2000 kw of power. As a result, once the project begins, the design suitability in the air frame will be updated to OEM during the prototypes.

Typically, few medium helicopters do not have retractable landing gear built into the airframe, but the HAL already has retractable and non-retractable try cycle landing gears.

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The Tricycle has fixed crashworthy wheel landing gear, passive steering, and a nose wheel lock, as well as a hydraulic wheel brake with a parking brake.

It has two electric power generators and an auxiliary power unit that can restart the power supply in the event of an emergency.  Even HAL claims that the battery will provide backup power for the helicopter’s other functions during the 30-minute flight during emergency.

A broad overview of proposed airborne equipment and sensors was presented, emphasising the opportunities for private sector participation in the proposed IMRH programme, which will pave the way for India’s self-reliance, in line with the Government of India’s initiative of Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan.

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There are already a few medium lift helicopters in service around the world, such as the Russian MI17, which has a capacity of 13 tonnes, the Sikorsky S-92, which has a capacity of 12.9 tonnes, the August Westland 101, which has a capacity of 15.6 tonnes, the NH90, which has a capacity of 10.6 tonnes, and the EC 725 eurocopter, which has a capacity of 11.2 tonnes. Indian multirole will be one of the future sources of additional support for Indian defence.

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Taking into account the ministry’s approval of the project. The first flight is expected to take place within four years, and the operation clearance is valid for six years. If the project begins in 2022, HAL will likely phase out legacy MLH by 2029.

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Furthermore, this helicopter can be used for a variety of purposes, including cargo transport, ground vehicle transport, VIP transport, and many others. Once this helicopter is inducted, HAL will become a major Aerospace market key player in the Asia region, building helicopters ranging in size from 3 to 13 tonnes. This will be another victory for the Indian aviation industry.

HAL signs contract with Mauritius for export of advanced light helicopters

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India is already developing its own light and medium fighter jets with 5.5 generation features, as well as commercial aircraft Dornier 228 and In associated with Airbus building C295.

Is India planning to purchase more Chinook helicopters?

What do you think of India’s new Multirole Helicopter? Please share your thoughts in the comments section below.


#HAL: #IMRH #IndianAirForce #MODindia

He is an aviation journalist and the founder of Jetline Marvel. Dawal gained a comprehensive understanding of the commercial aviation industry.  He has worked in a range of roles for more than 9 years in the aviation and aerospace industry. He has written more than 1700 articles in the aerospace industry. When he was 19 years old, he received a national award for his general innovations and holds the patent. He completed two postgraduate degrees simultaneously, one in Aerospace and the other in Management. Additionally, he authored nearly six textbooks on aviation and aerospace tailored for students in various educational institutions. jetlinem4(at)


Pakistan’s Ambitious Plan to Acquire and Produce Chinese FC-31 Stealth Fighter

Pakistan’s Ambitious Plan to Acquire and Produce Chinese FC-31 Stealth Fighter

Pakistan is embarking on an ambitious endeavor to bolster its air defense capabilities with the acquisition and potential local production of the Chinese FC-31 stealth fighter jet.

Talks are reportedly underway between the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) and the Shenyang Aircraft Corporation, the developer of the FC-31, signaling a significant leap forward for Pakistan’s military aviation prowess.

The FC-31, a mid-sized, twin-engine fifth-generation fighter, promises advanced air combat capabilities, including stealth technology that surpasses anything currently in the PAF‘s fleet. With plans to retire the JF-17 production line by 2030, the FC-31 could emerge as the new flagship aircraft, offering unmatched performance and versatility.

Experts speculate that Pakistan’s interest in the FC-31 could also signal broader implications for the international market. As China develops both land and carrier versions of the FC-31, analysts foresee it becoming a cost-effective alternative to pricier options like the F-35, potentially challenging the dominance of the US aerospace industry and reshaping global strategic rivalries.

Adding complexity to the deal is China’s push for the WS-13 engine, previously rejected for the JF-17 but now under consideration for both the FC-31 and future JF-17 variants. Engine standardization could streamline logistical and maintenance processes for the PAF, further enhancing the appeal of the FC-31.

While negotiations continue, the success of the FC-31 acquisition and local production hinges on several factors, including the outcome of the WS-13 engine discussions. Pakistan’s pursuit of the FC-31 comes amidst its eagerness to replace its aging fleet, with previous attempts to upgrade its F-16s by the United States due to geopolitical pressures.

Amidst these developments, Pakistan previous interest in the Turkish-made Kaan fifth-generation fighter underscores its eagerness to replace its aging fleet. Despite previous attempts to secure upgrades for its F-16s from the United States, Pakistan’s quest for advanced aerial capabilities has led it to explore alternative avenues, with the FC-31 emerging as a promising contender in its pursuit of air superiority.

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Airbus presents new Wingman concept at ILA Berlin Airshow

Airbus presents new Wingman concept at ILA Berlin Airshow

At the prestigious ILA aerospace trade show in Berlin, Airbus Defence and Space made waves by introducing its pioneering Wingman concept, marking a significant leap forward in military aviation technology.

Teaming up with Helsing, Europe’s leading defense AI and software company, Airbus showcased a framework cooperation agreement aimed at revolutionizing the realm of artificial intelligence (AI) in defense.

Airbus Wingman

The Wingman concept represents a paradigm shift in aerial warfare, introducing unmanned platforms equipped with advanced AI capabilities to augment the capabilities of manned combat aircraft. Pilots in command aircraft such as the Eurofighter command these autonomous drones, positioning them to undertake high-risk mission tasks that would traditionally pose a significant threat to manned-only aircraft.

Central to the Wingman concept is Manned-Unmanned Teaming, wherein manned aircraft serve as “command fighters,” retaining ultimate control over mission decisions while delegating tactical tasks to unmanned systems. This synergistic collaboration promises to enhance mission flexibility, increase combat mass, and minimize risk exposure for pilots, thereby bolstering overall operational effectiveness.

The capabilities of the Wingman extend across a diverse spectrum of mission profiles, ranging from reconnaissance and target jamming to precision strikes against both ground and aerial targets. Equipped with advanced sensors, connectivity solutions, and a diverse array of armaments, the Wingman stands poised to redefine the operational landscape of modern air forces.

While the Wingman model showcased at ILA Berlin represents the pinnacle of current technological innovation, it also serves as a catalyst for future design iterations. As with any pioneering concept, refinement and evolution are inevitable, with each generation of the Wingman poised to push the boundaries of aerial warfare even further.

MQ-28 Ghost Bat

Boeing introduced the MQ-28 Ghost Bat, an unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV), which made its maiden flight in February 2021. Developed by Boeing Australia, the MQ-28 leverages artificial intelligence to serve as a force multiplier for manned fighter jets.

The Ghost Bat is engineered to operate in tandem with existing military aircraft, enhancing and extending the capabilities of airborne missions. This cost-effective UCAV is designed to work as an intelligent teammate, complementing and amplifying the effectiveness of manned operations in various mission profiles.

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Take First Glimpse of USAF B-21 Raider, Latest Nuclear Stealth Bomber

Take First Glimpse of USAF B-21 Raider, Latest Nuclear Stealth Bomber

The United States Air Force (USAF) has unveiled the first photographs of the Northrop Grumman B-21 Raider bomber in flight.

These images were captured during test flights conducted by the B-21 Combined Test Force at Edwards Air Force Base, marking a significant milestone in the development of this sixth-generation aircraft.

Currently undergoing flight tests in California, the B-21 Raider represents the next generation of stealth bombers. With an estimated cost of around $700 million per aircraft, the B-21 Raider is poised to become a crucial component of the USAF’s arsenal for conventional Long Range Strike missions.

According to Air Force briefings, the B-21 Raider will form part of a comprehensive family of systems, encompassing Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance capabilities, electronic warfare, communication systems, and more. Notably, the bomber will be nuclear-capable and adaptable for both manned and unmanned operations.

It boasts the flexibility to deploy a wide array of stand-off and direct-attack munitions, ensuring versatility in various combat scenarios. One of the B-21’s distinguishing features is its extensive integration of digital technology, as highlighted in discussions held during a Senate Armed Services Committee hearing.

Designed with an open systems architecture, the B-21 Raider is built to swiftly incorporate emerging technologies, ensuring its effectiveness against evolving threats over time. The B-21 Raider is slated to replace the aging B-1 Lancer and B-2 Spirit bombers, bolstering US national security objectives and providing reassurance to allies and partners worldwide.

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