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These 30 airlines went bankrupt in 2019

These 30 airlines went bankrupt in 2019

In 2019 alone, 30 airways have quit flying, making it a record breaking year for carrier insolvencies


  • California Pacific Airlines

Origin: California, U.S.

Founded : April 1, 2009

Commenced operation   November 1, 2018

Ceased operations January 17, 2019

Fleet size 4

Destinations 8


  • Germania (airline)

Origin:   Berlin, Germany

Founded :  April 1978

Commenced operation : 5 September 1978

Ceased operations : 5 February 2019

Fleet size : 36

Destinations : 42


  • Flybmi

Origin: East Midlands Airport, England

Founded: 14 May 1987

Commenced operation: August 1987

Ceased operations: 16 February 2019

Fleet size: 17

Destinations: 23


  • Insel Air

Origin: Willemstad, Curaçao

Founded: 1993

Commenced operation: 2006

Ceased operations: 16 February 2019

Fleet size: 3

Destinations: 5


  • Tajik Air

Origin: Dushanbe, Tajikistan

Founded: 1923

Ceased operations: January 2019

Fleet size: 14

Destinations: 3

(Temporary suspension)



Origin: Iceland

Founded: November 2011

Commenced operation: 31 May 2012

Ceased operations: 28 March 2019

Fleet size: 10



  • Aerolínea de Antioquia

Origin: Medellín, Colombia

Founded: 1987

Ceased operations: March 29, 2019

Fleet size: 13

Destinations: 21


Origin: Kingston, Jamaica

Founded: September 2011

Commenced operation: 14 February 2013

Ceased operations: 31 March 2019

Fleet size: 1

Destinations: 4


  • Air Philip

Origin: South Korea

Founded: December 2016

Commenced operation: 30 June 2018

Ceased operations: 13 March 2019

Fleet size: 2



Origin: Maharashtra, India

Founded: 1 April 1992

Commenced operation: 5 May 1993

Ceased operations: 17 April 2019

Fleet size: 124

Destinations: 83


  • Wisdom Airways

Origin: Chiang Mai, Thailand

Founded: 2017

Ceased operations: October 1, 2019


  • Avianca Brasil S.A.

Origin: São Paulo, Brazil

Founded: 1998 (as OceanAir)

Commenced operation:

Ceased operations: 24 June 2019

Fleet size: 10



  • Avianca Argentina

Origin: Buenos Aires, Argentina

Founded: 1995 (as Macair Jet)

Commenced operation: 21 November 2017

Ceased operations: 7 June 2019

Fleet size:2

Destinations: 3


  • Al Naser Wings Airlines

Origin: Governorate, Iraq

Founded: 2005

Commenced operation: 2009

Ceased operations: April 16, 2019

Fleet size: 1

Destinations: 12


  • Aigle Azur

Origin: Paray-Vieille-Poste, France

Founded: 1946

Ceased operations: 6 September 2019

Fleet size: 11

Destinations: 21


  • XL Airways France

Origin: Île-de-France, France

Founded:  August 1995

Commenced operation: 22 December 1995

Ceased operations: 23 September 2019

Fleet size: 4 

Destinations: 17


  • Adria Airways

Origin: Gorenjskem, Slovenia

Founded: 14 March 1961

Commenced operation: December 1961

Ceased operations: 30 September 2019

Fleet size: 20

Destinations: 23


  • Peruvian Airlines

Origin:   Lima, Perú

Founded: November 2007

Commenced operation: October 29, 2009

Ceased operations: October 2, 2019

Fleet size: 14

Destinations: 10


  • New Gen Airways

Origin: Bangkok, Thailand

Founded: July 2012

Commenced operation:

Ceased operations: October 2019

Fleet size: 11

Destinations: 37


  • ViaAir

Origin: Maitland, Florida

Founded: 1997

Ceased operations: October 2019

Fleet size: 6

Destinations: 2


  • Thomas Cook Group

Origin: Manchester, England

Founded: 1986

Ceased operations: 23 September 2019

Fleet size: 34

Destinations: 82


  • TAM – Transporte Aéreo Militar

Origin: La Paz, Bolivia

Founded: 1945

Commenced operation:

Ceased operations: 23 September 2019

Fleet size: 20

Destinations: 4


  • Taron Avia

Origin: Yerevan, Armenia

Founded: 2007

Commenced operation: 2017

Ceased operations: 2019

Fleet size: 3

Destinations: 5


  • Astra Airlines

Origin:  Thessaloniki, Greece

Founded: 2008

Commenced operation: July 5, 2008

Ceased operations: 14 November 2019

Fleet size: 4

Destinations: 37


  • Atlas Global

Origin: Istanbul, Turkey

Founded: 2001

Ceased operations: 12 February 2020

Fleet size: 5

Destinations: 24


  • Silverstone Air

Origin: Kenya

Founded: 2017

Ceased operations: 2019

Fleet size: 11

Destinations: 8


  • Far Eastern Air Transport

Origin: Taipei, Taiwan

Founded: 5 June 1957

Commenced operation:

Ceased operations: 13 December 2019

Fleet size: 12

Destinations: 19


  • Ernest Airlines

Origin: Milan, Italy

Founded: October 16, 2015

Commenced operation: 1 July 2016

Ceased operations: 10 January 2020

Fleet size: 4

Destinations: 20


  • Fastjet Mozambique

Origin: Maputo, Mozambique

Founded: 2017

Commenced operation: 3 November 2017

Ceased operations: 26 October 2019

Fleet size: 1

Destinations: 4


  • Cambodia Bayon Airlines

Origin: Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Founded: August 2014

Commenced operation: December 2014

Ceased operations: 2019

Fleet size: 2

Destinations: 4

He is an aviation journalist and the founder of Jetline Marvel. Dawal gained a comprehensive understanding of the commercial aviation industry.  He has worked in a range of roles for more than 9 years in the aviation and aerospace industry. He has written more than 1700 articles in the aerospace industry. When he was 19 years old, he received a national award for his general innovations and holds the patent. He completed two postgraduate degrees simultaneously, one in Aerospace and the other in Management. Additionally, he authored nearly six textbooks on aviation and aerospace tailored for students in various educational institutions. jetlinem4(at)


Pakistan’s Ambitious Plan to Acquire and Produce Chinese FC-31 Stealth Fighter

Pakistan’s Ambitious Plan to Acquire and Produce Chinese FC-31 Stealth Fighter

Pakistan is embarking on an ambitious endeavor to bolster its air defense capabilities with the acquisition and potential local production of the Chinese FC-31 stealth fighter jet.

Talks are reportedly underway between the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) and the Shenyang Aircraft Corporation, the developer of the FC-31, signaling a significant leap forward for Pakistan’s military aviation prowess.

The FC-31, a mid-sized, twin-engine fifth-generation fighter, promises advanced air combat capabilities, including stealth technology that surpasses anything currently in the PAF‘s fleet. With plans to retire the JF-17 production line by 2030, the FC-31 could emerge as the new flagship aircraft, offering unmatched performance and versatility.

Experts speculate that Pakistan’s interest in the FC-31 could also signal broader implications for the international market. As China develops both land and carrier versions of the FC-31, analysts foresee it becoming a cost-effective alternative to pricier options like the F-35, potentially challenging the dominance of the US aerospace industry and reshaping global strategic rivalries.

Adding complexity to the deal is China’s push for the WS-13 engine, previously rejected for the JF-17 but now under consideration for both the FC-31 and future JF-17 variants. Engine standardization could streamline logistical and maintenance processes for the PAF, further enhancing the appeal of the FC-31.

While negotiations continue, the success of the FC-31 acquisition and local production hinges on several factors, including the outcome of the WS-13 engine discussions. Pakistan’s pursuit of the FC-31 comes amidst its eagerness to replace its aging fleet, with previous attempts to upgrade its F-16s by the United States due to geopolitical pressures.

Amidst these developments, Pakistan previous interest in the Turkish-made Kaan fifth-generation fighter underscores its eagerness to replace its aging fleet. Despite previous attempts to secure upgrades for its F-16s from the United States, Pakistan’s quest for advanced aerial capabilities has led it to explore alternative avenues, with the FC-31 emerging as a promising contender in its pursuit of air superiority.

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China’s Indigenous HH-100 UAS Successfully Completes First Flight

China’s Indigenous HH-100 UAS Successfully Completes First Flight

In a significant milestone for China’s aviation industry, the HH-100 aerial commercial unmanned transportation system successfully completed its maiden flight, as announced by the Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC) on Wednesday.

The HH-100 demonstrator took to the skies for its inaugural flight at a general aviation airport in Xi’an, located in northwest China’s Shaanxi Province. This successful test was conducted by AVIC, China’s leading aircraft manufacturer, marking a pivotal step in the development of the country’s unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) capabilities.

Developed independently by AVIC XAC Commercial Aircraft Co., Ltd., a subsidiary of AVIC based in Xi’an, the HH-100 consists of two main components: an unmanned aerial vehicle and a ground-based command-and-control station. This innovative system is designed to offer a cost-effective, high-payload solution for various transportation and logistical needs.

The HH-100 is notable for its low cost and large tonnage capabilities. With a designed maximum take-off weight of 2,000 kilograms and a payload capacity of 700 kilograms, it can transport approximately 4 cubic meters of cargo over a range of 520 kilometers. The drone’s maximum cruise speed is 300 kilometers per hour, and it can operate at altitudes up to 5,000 meters.

Primarily intended for feeder logistics, the HH-100 is also equipped to participate in a variety of other roles, including forest and grassland firefighting, fire monitoring, transportation and delivery of rescue materials, relay communication, and artificial rain enhancement. This versatility makes it a valuable asset in both commercial and emergency response operations.

Looking ahead, AVIC plans to develop a series of products based on the HH-100 platform, with models capable of carrying 5 tons, 10 tons, and even larger payloads. These future developments aim to meet the growing demand for large-scale, intelligent, low-cost, and highly reliable unmanned cargo planes.

The HH-100’s successful first flight marks an important achievement for AVIC and China’s aviation sector, showcasing the potential of homegrown technology to advance the country’s capabilities in unmanned aerial transportation. With its impressive range of features and applications, the HH-100 is poised to play a significant role in enhancing air-ground transportation connectivity and addressing various logistical challenges in the region.

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Russia’s Venture into Spare Parts Production for Western-Made Jets

Russia's Venture into Spare Parts Production for Western-Made Jets

In a strategic move to mitigate the challenges posed by the shortage of spare parts for foreign-made passenger aircraft, Russian carriers are charting a new course by turning to domestic alternatives. At the forefront of this shift are two groundbreaking projects unveiled at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum on June 6.

Leading the charge is Protektor Group, a prominent Russian MRO provider, which has committed a substantial investment of RUB3.5 billion ($39 million) to establish a cutting-edge facility near Moscow Domodedovo airport.

This facility is slated to specialize in the production of spare parts tailored for Airbus A320 and Boeing 737 narrowbody jets, with operations expected to commence in 2026. With a projected workforce of 800 employees, the facility aims to address the pressing demand for critical components in the aviation sector.

This initiative aligns seamlessly with broader governmental endeavors outlined in June 2022, which envisioned the manufacture of 1,036 airplanes using solely Russian parts by 2030. Bolstering this ambition, the state allocated a substantial sum of 283 billion rubles (U.S. $3.1 billion) in January 2024 to propel the production of 609 aircraft, with a particular emphasis on medium-haul models.

Protektor’s trajectory towards this pivotal milestone has been marked by notable achievements, including receiving production organization approval from Rosaviatsia in 2024. Prior to this, the company had earned certification for the overhaul of landing gear for Boeing 737s, solidifying its position as a trusted entity in aircraft maintenance.

Beyond the realm of spare parts production, the Russian aviation industry is poised for a significant transformation as it gears up to redefine its identity. Sergey Chemezov, the head of Rostec, the state-owned conglomerate overseeing aerospace, engineering, and defense sectors, has unveiled ambitious plans to resurrect the renowned ‘Yakovlev‘ brand. This rebranding initiative extends across the spectrum of Russian-made airliners, signaling a new era of innovation and prominence.

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