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South Korean KF -21 Boramae vs Indian built HAL Tejas MK2 aircraft comparison

we’ll compare the Indian-built Tejas Mark 2 fighter jet with the South Korean KF 21 fighter jet.

South Korean KF -21 Boramae vs Indian built HAL Tejas MK2 aircraft comparison

Hello and welcome back to Jetline Marvel for another exciting Aircraft comparison article. we’ll compare the Indian-built Tejas Mark 2 fighter jet with the South Korean KF 21 fighter jet.

KAI KF-21 Boramae

The KAI KF-21 Boramae, formerly known as the KF-X, is a South Korean fighter jet that collaborates with Indonesia with the aim of building an advanced multirole fighter for the air forces of both countries. the KAI offices near Sacheon Airport had a rollout ceremony where the first prototype was finished and unveiled. The first test flight took place on July 19, 2022, and production was set to start in 2026.

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A 50 percent longer combat range, a 34 percent longer airframe lifespan, improved avionics, an active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar, more potent electronic warfare, and data link capabilities should make the KF-X superior to the F-16 Fighting Falcon. They recommended two engines with a combined thrust of about  50,000 pounds-force (220,000 N), supersonic interception and cruise capability, and multirole capabilities.

South Korea became the eighth nation in the world to successfully develop and fly a supersonic fighter jet on July 19, 2022. The aircraft flew off for 33 minutes from Sacheon Airbase while flying the flags of South Korea and Indonesia. Before mass production starts in 2026, six flying prototypes, including two two-seat models, will fly 2,200 times.

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Air-to-air tasks will be the main intermediate capability of 40 Block-1 jets, while air-to-ground combat will be added by 80 Block-2 jets starting in 2028. In the future, the KF-21 will get an air-launched cruise missile (ALCM) and a hypersonic missile that were both created domestically.

HAL Tejas MK2

The Tejas Mark 2, also known as the Medium Weight Fighter, it is a single-engine, canard delta wing, multirole combat aircraft developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited’s Aircraft Research and Design Center for the Indian Air Force. it is anticipated to fly for the first time in 2023, and production was set to start by 2026.

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The Tejas Mark 2 is being designed and developed to replace multiple IAF strike fighters, including the SEPECAT Jaguar, Dassault Mirage 2000, and Mikoyan MiG-29. Tejas Mark 2 is anticipated to fly for the first time in 2023, and production was set to start by 2026.

Along with other avionics upgrades, it will include an indigenous integrated life-support system, aircraft health, and usage monitoring system to integrate various sensors onboard Tejas Mark 2, and an integrated electro-optic electronic warfare suite built right into the aircraft.

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In addition to a missile approach warning system, it will have an infrared search and track system. More weapons with a longer range may be carried to increase internal fuel capacity and payload capacity over 3,400 kg and 6,500 kg, respectively.

The avionics of Tejas Mark 2 will be centered on multisensor data fusion incorporating both active and passive sensors on board. The Tejas Mark 2 would be equipped with a variant of Uttam AESA Radar developed by the Electronics and Radar Development Establishment, while the combat aircraft will also have an integrated IRST system for passive target acquisition.

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The Tejas Mark 1A fighter jet is also chosen for the Malaysian defense tender to replace the country’s current fighter jet. It offers a variety of armament packages and services for aircraft orders, making it the strongest contractor in the Asian region.

Specification:

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  • Tejas Mark 2 and the KAI KF 21 both have the option of having two seats.
  • The Tejas Mark 2 is 47 feet long, 27 feet wide, and 15 feet tall, while the KF 21 is 55 feet long, 36 feet wide, and 15 feet tall.
  • The Tejas Mark 2 weighs 7,850 kg, whereas the KF 21 has an empty weight of 11,800 kg.
  • The KF 21’s gross weight is 17,200 kg, and the Tejas Mark 2’s gross weight is 11,300 kg.
  • The Tejas Mark 2 has a maximum take-off weight of 17,500 kg, whereas the KF 21 has a maximum take of weight of 24,400 kg.
  • The Kf 21 and Tejas Mark 2 are capable of a top speed of Mach 1.81.
  • The Tejas Mark 2 has about a 3,500-kilometer ferry range, while the KF 21 has a 2,900-kilometer range.
  • With an afterburner, KF 21’s has two General Electric F414 afterburning turbofan engines that may produce up to 97.2 Kilo newtons.
  • Tejas Mark 2 is equipped with a single General Electric F 414 after-burning turbofan that has a FADEC 98 kilo Newton thrust rating and a 110 Kilo Newton’s afterburner.

KF 21

  • It has ten hard points. 4 under the fuselage and 6 under the wings.
  • Air-to-air missiles can be carried by it. The MBDA AIM 120. IRIS Diehl, sidewinder AIM 9x,
  • Taurus, AGM 65, and AGM 84 Harpoon are examples of air-to-ground missiles that it is capable of carrying.
  • It can transport JDAM and KGGB-style precision-guided bombs as well as GBUs.
  • further, It has avionics integration with the following.
  • Actively scanned electronic array.
  • Infrared tracking technology and an electro-optical aiming device.
  • Additionally, it has DATA link capabilities. mission computer jammer, radio frequency jammer
  • Flight control computer, multifunction display, and store management computer.

Tejas mark2

  • Tejas has 13 hard points that can hold 6.5 tonnes of weapons.
  • Air to Air missiles can be carried by it.
  • It can also carry air-to-surface missiles including Brahmos, LRLACM, Storm Shadow, and crystal Maze in addition to MICA, ASRAAM, Meteor, and ASTRA.
  • Rudrum-like antiradiation weaponry
  • Additionally, the Tejas Mark 2 is equipped with precision-guided munitions such as the Spice, HSLD, DRDO glide bomb, Sudarshan laser-guided bomb, cluster munition, loitering munition, and unguided bomb.
  • It has various integrated avionics features, including the LRDE Uttam AESA radar, the DARE unified electronic warfare suite, the Dual color missile approach warning system, and a targeting pod.
Specifications KAI KF-21 Boramae HAL Tejas MK2
Crew One or two One or two
Length 16.9 m (55ft) 14.60 m (47ft)
Wingspan 11.2 m
(36ft)
8.50 m(27ft)
Height 4.7 m (15ft) 4.86 m(15ft)
Wing area 46.5 m2 (501 sq ft) 44 m2 (470sqft)
Empty weight 11,800 kg (26,015 lb) 7,850 kg (17,306 lb)
Gross weight 17,200 kg (37,920 lb) 11,300 kg (24,912 lb)
Max takeoff weight 25,400 kg (55,997 lb) 17,500 kg (38,581 lb)
Maximum speed Mach 1.81 Mach 1.8
Range 2,900 km (1,800 mi, 1,600 nmi) 2,500 km (1,600 mi, 1,300 nmi)
Ferry range 2,900 km (1,800 mi, 1,600 nmi) 3,500 km (2,200 mi, 1,900 nmi)
Powerplant 2 × General Electric F414-GE-400K afterburning turbofan, 57.8 kN 1 × General Electric F414-INS6 afterburning turbofan with FADEC, 98 kN

 

 

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Asia

Singapore Airlines emergency landing after severe turbulence

A Singapore Airlines Boeing 777 Aircraft lands at Singapore Changi Airport (Incident aircraft not pictured)

One passenger passed on, while dozens of passengers were injured when a Singapore Airlines Boeing B777-300ER aircraft experienced severe turbulence while en route to Singapore from London Heathrow Airport. The aircraft diverted to Bangkok, and landed at 3:45pm Local time on 21 May 2024 

The flight landed with 211 Passengers and 11 Crew members at Bangkok Suvarnabhumi Airport. According to the Airport Director Kittipong Kittikachorn at a news conference, there were 7 passengers who suffered serious injuries, while a number of other passengers suffered injuries of varying seriousness.

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It was also confirmed that the passenger who passed on was a 73 year old British Man. In a statement from Singapore Airlines ‘ As of 0505 hours Singapore Time on 22 May 2024, 79 passengers and 6 crew members from SQ321 remain in Bangkok’. In another statement, it was reported that a relief flight with 143 passengers and crew members arrived in Singapore at 0505 hours Singapore time on 22 May 2024.

According to aircraft tracking site FlightRadar24, the 16 Year Old Boeing B777-300ER aircraft descended sharply from 37,000 feet to 31,000 feet in a short time. It was also further reported by FlightRadar24 that the descent was commanded by Autopilot, instead of being caused by turbulence.

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Shortly afterwards, the pilot declared an emergency by squeaking 7700 on the transponder, indicating an emergency situation onboard the aircraft. The Boeing 777 aircraft then diverted to Bangkok, instead of continuing on its planned journey to Singapore. 

In view of this incident, Singapore Airlines mentioned in a statement that they are working with the relevant authorities on the investigation into this incident.

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The National Transportation Safety Board, a US Government investigative agency for civil aviation incidents, is sending an accredited representative and 4 technical advisors to support the investigation by Singapore’s Transport Safety Investigation Bureau (TSIB). TSIB mentioned in a statement that it ‘is in touch with its Thai counterparts and will be deploying investigators to Bangkok’. 

Boeing, the manufacturer of the Boeing B777 aircraft mentioned in a statement that they are in contact with Singapore Airlines regarding the ill-fated flight, and ‘stand ready to support them’. 

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This situation is developing, more details will be added when they become available. 

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Aviation

Top 5 light helicopter under 3 million

Top 5 light helicopter under 3 million

In the realm of aviation, helicopters represent a unique blend of agility, versatility, and accessibility. For many, the allure of piloting a helicopter is irresistible, whether for recreational flying, aerial photography, or even business transportation.

However, for those looking to invest in their own rotorcraft, affordability is often a crucial consideration. With a budget of under $3 million, prospective buyers are presented with a range of options, each offering its own blend of performance, features, and value.

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In this Video, we’ll explore the top five light helicopters available on the market, all priced under $3 million.

1. Robinson R44 Raven: The Robinson R44 Raven is a popular and versatile light helicopter known for its reliability. It typically accommodates four passengers and a pilot. It boasts a cruise speed of around 130 knots (150 mph) and a range of approximately 300 nautical miles. It starts at around $400,000 to $500,000. The R44 Raven is often used for various applications, including private transportation, aerial photography, and training due to its agility and affordability in the light helicopter category.

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2.MD530F: The MD530F, also from MD Helicopters, is a compact and nimble helicopter known for its agility and maneuverability. It’s often used in law enforcement and military applications. It typically falls within the price range of $2.5 million,depending on factors such as configuration, optional features, and market conditions. It is equipped with a Rolls-Royce 250-C30 engine, delivering 650 shaft horsepower. With a cruise speed of approximately 110 knots (126 mph) and a range of around 260 nautical miles, the MD530F is well-suited for tasks requiring precision flying, such as reconnaissance and patrol missions.

3. Bell 206 Jet Ranger: a renowned light utility helicopter, is esteemed for its compact design and exceptional maneuverability. Widely utilized in law enforcement, military, and civilian roles, it offers versatility across various missions. Typically priced around $1.2 million to $1.5 million, the cost may vary based on configuration, optional features, and market conditions. Powered by a Allison 250-C20j turboshaft engine, the Bell 206 Jet Ranger boasts 420 shaft horsepower, facilitating a cruise speed of approximately 112 knots (129 mph) and a range of about 374 nautical miles.

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4. Leonardo AW109 Power: renowned for its versatility and performance, is another compact and agile helicopter highly regarded in both civilian and military circles. It is often utilized in law enforcement, emergency medical services, corporate transport, and various other missions. Priced at approximately $3 million. Powered by twin Pratt & Whitney Canada PW206C engines, the AW109 Power boasts impressive capabilities with a cruise speed of approximately 154 knots (177 mph) and a range of up to 565 kilometers, making it suitable for missions requiring swift and efficient transportation over moderate distances.

Equipped with advanced avionics and spacious cabin accommodations, the AW109 Power provides a comfortable and safe flying experience for both pilots and passengers.

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5. Airbus H125: formerly known as the AS350 B3e, is a versatile and reliable helicopter renowned for its performance and adaptability. It is widely used across various industries, including law enforcement, emergency medical services, and aerial work. With a price typically ranging from $2.5 million, the cost can vary based on specific configurations, optional features.

Powered by a Turbomeca Arriel 2D engine, the H125 boasts robust performance, delivering approximately 847 shaft horsepower. Its cruise speed reaches around 133 knots (153 mph), offering swift and efficient transportation. The H125 also features a commendable range of approximately 357 nautical miles, making it suitable for extended missions or long-distance flights.

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Aviation

American Airlines Letter Sparks Outrage Over Flight Attendant Salary

American Airlines Launches 8 New Winter Routes to Latin America &Caribbean

An employment letter from American Airlines (AAL) has ignited a firestorm of controversy across social media platforms, shedding light on the stark reality of flight attendant salaries in the aviation industry.

Shared on Reddit and authenticated by the union representing American Airlines employees, the letter has drawn widespread attention for its revelation of starting salaries barely surpassing federal poverty levels.

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The actual letter AA gives new FAs when they move to NYC, Miami, Boston, Dallas etc.
byu/containment-failure inamericanairlines

Detailing the compensation package for new flight attendants, the letter discloses an hourly rate of $30.35 per flight hour, translating to an annual salary projection of $27,315 before incentives and taxes. This figure, notably below the poverty threshold for both individual and two-person households in 2024, has sparked outrage and disbelief among readers.

What further compounds the issue is the disclosure that flight attendants typically work between 65 to 85 flight hours each month, supplemented by an additional 50 hours dedicated to aircraft preparation before takeoff and after landing—tasks for which they receive no compensation.

This revelation underscores the significant gap between the demanding workload of flight attendants and the meager financial rewards they receive in return. The letter, designed for use in dealings with landlords and other service providers as proof of income, closes with a plea for understanding: “any courtesy you can provide would be appreciated.”

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This poignant appeal highlights the financial strain faced by many flight attendants who struggle to make ends meet on their current salaries. In response to these revelations, American Airlines flight attendants are mobilizing for action.

With negotiations underway for a new contract with the airline, which includes demands for higher pay, they are urging the White House to authorize their right to strike after a 30-day cooling-off period.

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