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These 3 firms offer the Engine for AMCA India’s fifth-generation fighter plane

The AMCA 5th generation fighter has all eyes on the Indian next-generation fighter plane.

By 2028, India's AMCA fifth-generation fighter jet prototype may fly.

The AMCA 5th generation fighter has all eyes on the Indian next-generation fighter plane. India has already started working on the Tejas mark 1 and mark 2, which exhibit amazing performance in terms of capacity and armament payloads. However, India is already making plans for a fifth-generation fighter plane. The majority of nations, including the USA, Russia, and China, have built fifth-generation fighters, but exports are prohibited because they are expensive to purchase, maintain, and repair.

Rolls Royce in talks with DRDO to rev up AMCA engines(Opens in a new browser tab)

Now that India is focusing on developing its fifth-generation fighter jets, HAL has developed fighter jets and helicopters that are quick, powerful, and nimble. Now, with assistance from the ADA, NAL, and DRDO, work is underway to create the next-generation fighter plane.

Making a fifth-generation fighter plane is not simple. There are some fundamental requirements that must be met, including its stealth design, engine capacity, and modern aircraft that can launch a powerful attack against adversary aircraft. Every company involved in the construction of this aircraft needs to be strengthened and enhanced to use the most recent technology. The engine of an AMCA aircraft is a key component that distinguishes it from others. India is still working to construct its own engine, but it hasn’t yet reached a satisfactory level due to the limited time available. However, India can’t develop an engine that can compete with Western ones. As a result, some nations are increasing their support for the development engine.

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The three most popular engine manufacturers, Rolls Royce, General Electric, and Safran, submitted proposals to AMCA. Let’s study what is included in their packages.

No 1, General Electric (GE), USA.

For the India AMCA 5th generation fighter program, General Electric (GE) has filed a proposal for the co-development of a new engine that will be based on the baseline 116 kN thrust derivative of the current GE F414 engine. To offset the European and UK arrangement with India, it may be possible to ease some of the restrictions governing technology transfer in the near future.

The F404IN20 engines for the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas Mk-1 are provided by the American company GE. The MK-2 LCA’s F414-INS6 engines from the same manufacturer were chosen to power it as well.

The next iteration of the fighter jet engine, which GE is expected to build, may be interested in building for AMCA aircraft.

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No 2, Rolls-Royce, United Kingdom.

After Safran began to present its options for India, the British corporation Rolls-Royce immediately expressed interest. The British business, which is producing engines for sixth-generation fighters like the British Tempest and the Japanese F-X, is ready to work with India to meet its demand for fifth-generation engines.

It has volunteered to work with the country’s program for fifth-generation fighter aircraft to jointly develop and manufacture engines. In 2021, Rolls Royce first indicated a desire to create an engine for AMCA. According to reports, Rolls Royce has a Eurojet EJ200 variant with a 110–120KN thrust.

If the two parties’ negotiations are successful, Rolls Royce and DRDO may form a joint venture. Consider building a 110-kilonewton High Thrust Low Bypass Engine with the Intellectual Property Rights going to Indian manufacturers.

 

No 3, Safran Engines, France.

Longtime partners Safran and Indian HAL worked together to build the multirole helicopter engine that propelled the country’s Prachand chopper. Safran is prepared to collaborate with India to manufacture the AMCA engine and has agreed to all the terms and conditions outlined by that country.

A proposal to jointly develop a brand-new, cutting-edge 110-kilo Newton thrust engine for India’s AMCA fighter project with the DRDO’s Gas Turbine Research Establishment has also been received by the Indian government from the French company Safran (GTRE).

Like its rival in Europe, Rolls Royce, Safran has an interest in the result. It played a big role in the 36 Rafales that India bought in 2016. The M88 engine base type serves as the foundation for the joint venture between SAFRAN and DRDO, which is planned with full ToT.

According to the most recent developments, the AMCA will have the newest technologies, including powerful weaponry systems, AI voice commands, and advanced technology. Therefore, the engine of the airplane is important since, without it, it cannot mark or use its fighting strength.

The company that can accept the conditions like technology transfer and future assistance for aircraft engine maintenance, as well as export rights for AMCA aircraft, should be chosen after taking into account all of the pros and cons of the three engine manufacturers. If all the requirements are met, H A L will decide which employer to offer to produce the AMCA engine.

 

He is an aviation journalist and the founder of Jetline Marvel. Dawal gained a comprehensive understanding of the commercial aviation industry.  He has worked in a range of roles for more than 9 years in the aviation and aerospace industry. He has written more than 1700 articles in the aerospace industry. When he was 19 years old, he received a national award for his general innovations and holds the patent. He completed two postgraduate degrees simultaneously, one in Aerospace and the other in Management. Additionally, he authored nearly six textbooks on aviation and aerospace tailored for students in various educational institutions. jetlinem4(at)gmail.com

Aerospace

Pakistan’s Ambitious Plan to Acquire and Produce Chinese FC-31 Stealth Fighter

Pakistan’s Ambitious Plan to Acquire and Produce Chinese FC-31 Stealth Fighter

Pakistan is embarking on an ambitious endeavor to bolster its air defense capabilities with the acquisition and potential local production of the Chinese FC-31 stealth fighter jet.

Talks are reportedly underway between the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) and the Shenyang Aircraft Corporation, the developer of the FC-31, signaling a significant leap forward for Pakistan’s military aviation prowess.

The FC-31, a mid-sized, twin-engine fifth-generation fighter, promises advanced air combat capabilities, including stealth technology that surpasses anything currently in the PAF‘s fleet. With plans to retire the JF-17 production line by 2030, the FC-31 could emerge as the new flagship aircraft, offering unmatched performance and versatility.

Experts speculate that Pakistan’s interest in the FC-31 could also signal broader implications for the international market. As China develops both land and carrier versions of the FC-31, analysts foresee it becoming a cost-effective alternative to pricier options like the F-35, potentially challenging the dominance of the US aerospace industry and reshaping global strategic rivalries.

Adding complexity to the deal is China’s push for the WS-13 engine, previously rejected for the JF-17 but now under consideration for both the FC-31 and future JF-17 variants. Engine standardization could streamline logistical and maintenance processes for the PAF, further enhancing the appeal of the FC-31.

While negotiations continue, the success of the FC-31 acquisition and local production hinges on several factors, including the outcome of the WS-13 engine discussions. Pakistan’s pursuit of the FC-31 comes amidst its eagerness to replace its aging fleet, with previous attempts to upgrade its F-16s by the United States due to geopolitical pressures.

Amidst these developments, Pakistan previous interest in the Turkish-made Kaan fifth-generation fighter underscores its eagerness to replace its aging fleet. Despite previous attempts to secure upgrades for its F-16s from the United States, Pakistan’s quest for advanced aerial capabilities has led it to explore alternative avenues, with the FC-31 emerging as a promising contender in its pursuit of air superiority.

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Aerospace

Airbus presents new Wingman concept at ILA Berlin Airshow

Airbus presents new Wingman concept at ILA Berlin Airshow

At the prestigious ILA aerospace trade show in Berlin, Airbus Defence and Space made waves by introducing its pioneering Wingman concept, marking a significant leap forward in military aviation technology.

Teaming up with Helsing, Europe’s leading defense AI and software company, Airbus showcased a framework cooperation agreement aimed at revolutionizing the realm of artificial intelligence (AI) in defense.

Airbus Wingman

The Wingman concept represents a paradigm shift in aerial warfare, introducing unmanned platforms equipped with advanced AI capabilities to augment the capabilities of manned combat aircraft. Pilots in command aircraft such as the Eurofighter command these autonomous drones, positioning them to undertake high-risk mission tasks that would traditionally pose a significant threat to manned-only aircraft.

Central to the Wingman concept is Manned-Unmanned Teaming, wherein manned aircraft serve as “command fighters,” retaining ultimate control over mission decisions while delegating tactical tasks to unmanned systems. This synergistic collaboration promises to enhance mission flexibility, increase combat mass, and minimize risk exposure for pilots, thereby bolstering overall operational effectiveness.

The capabilities of the Wingman extend across a diverse spectrum of mission profiles, ranging from reconnaissance and target jamming to precision strikes against both ground and aerial targets. Equipped with advanced sensors, connectivity solutions, and a diverse array of armaments, the Wingman stands poised to redefine the operational landscape of modern air forces.

While the Wingman model showcased at ILA Berlin represents the pinnacle of current technological innovation, it also serves as a catalyst for future design iterations. As with any pioneering concept, refinement and evolution are inevitable, with each generation of the Wingman poised to push the boundaries of aerial warfare even further.

MQ-28 Ghost Bat

Boeing introduced the MQ-28 Ghost Bat, an unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV), which made its maiden flight in February 2021. Developed by Boeing Australia, the MQ-28 leverages artificial intelligence to serve as a force multiplier for manned fighter jets.

The Ghost Bat is engineered to operate in tandem with existing military aircraft, enhancing and extending the capabilities of airborne missions. This cost-effective UCAV is designed to work as an intelligent teammate, complementing and amplifying the effectiveness of manned operations in various mission profiles.

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Aerospace

Take First Glimpse of USAF B-21 Raider, Latest Nuclear Stealth Bomber

Take First Glimpse of USAF B-21 Raider, Latest Nuclear Stealth Bomber
Image:USAF

The United States Air Force (USAF) has unveiled the first photographs of the Northrop Grumman B-21 Raider bomber in flight.

These images were captured during test flights conducted by the B-21 Combined Test Force at Edwards Air Force Base, marking a significant milestone in the development of this sixth-generation aircraft.

Currently undergoing flight tests in California, the B-21 Raider represents the next generation of stealth bombers. With an estimated cost of around $700 million per aircraft, the B-21 Raider is poised to become a crucial component of the USAF’s arsenal for conventional Long Range Strike missions.

According to Air Force briefings, the B-21 Raider will form part of a comprehensive family of systems, encompassing Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance capabilities, electronic warfare, communication systems, and more. Notably, the bomber will be nuclear-capable and adaptable for both manned and unmanned operations.

It boasts the flexibility to deploy a wide array of stand-off and direct-attack munitions, ensuring versatility in various combat scenarios. One of the B-21’s distinguishing features is its extensive integration of digital technology, as highlighted in discussions held during a Senate Armed Services Committee hearing.

Designed with an open systems architecture, the B-21 Raider is built to swiftly incorporate emerging technologies, ensuring its effectiveness against evolving threats over time. The B-21 Raider is slated to replace the aging B-1 Lancer and B-2 Spirit bombers, bolstering US national security objectives and providing reassurance to allies and partners worldwide.

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