The AMCA 5th generation fighter has all eyes on the Indian next-generation fighter plane. India has already started working on the Tejas mark 1 and mark 2, which exhibit amazing performance in terms of capacity and armament payloads. However, India is already making plans for a fifth-generation fighter plane. The majority of nations, including the USA, Russia, and China, have built fifth-generation fighters, but exports are prohibited because they are expensive to purchase, maintain, and repair.
Now that India is focusing on developing its fifth-generation fighter jets, HAL has developed fighter jets and helicopters that are quick, powerful, and nimble. Now, with assistance from the ADA, NAL, and DRDO, work is underway to create the next-generation fighter plane.
Making a fifth-generation fighter plane is not simple. There are some fundamental requirements that must be met, including its stealth design, engine capacity, and modern aircraft that can launch a powerful attack against adversary aircraft. Every company involved in the construction of this aircraft needs to be strengthened and enhanced to use the most recent technology. The engine of an AMCA aircraft is a key component that distinguishes it from others. India is still working to construct its own engine, but it hasn’t yet reached a satisfactory level due to the limited time available. However, India can’t develop an engine that can compete with Western ones. As a result, some nations are increasing their support for the development engine.
The three most popular engine manufacturers, Rolls Royce, General Electric, and Safran, submitted proposals to AMCA. Let’s study what is included in their packages.
No 1, General Electric (GE), USA.
For the India AMCA 5th generation fighter program, General Electric (GE) has filed a proposal for the co-development of a new engine that will be based on the baseline 116 kN thrust derivative of the current GE F414 engine. To offset the European and UK arrangement with India, it may be possible to ease some of the restrictions governing technology transfer in the near future.
The F404IN20 engines for the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas Mk-1 are provided by the American company GE. The MK-2 LCA’s F414-INS6 engines from the same manufacturer were chosen to power it as well.
The next iteration of the fighter jet engine, which GE is expected to build, may be interested in building for AMCA aircraft.
No 2, Rolls-Royce, United Kingdom.
After Safran began to present its options for India, the British corporation Rolls-Royce immediately expressed interest. The British business, which is producing engines for sixth-generation fighters like the British Tempest and the Japanese F-X, is ready to work with India to meet its demand for fifth-generation engines.
It has volunteered to work with the country’s program for fifth-generation fighter aircraft to jointly develop and manufacture engines. In 2021, Rolls Royce first indicated a desire to create an engine for AMCA. According to reports, Rolls Royce has a Eurojet EJ200 variant with a 110–120KN thrust.
If the two parties’ negotiations are successful, Rolls Royce and DRDO may form a joint venture. Consider building a 110-kilonewton High Thrust Low Bypass Engine with the Intellectual Property Rights going to Indian manufacturers.
No 3, Safran Engines, France.
Longtime partners Safran and Indian HAL worked together to build the multirole helicopter engine that propelled the country’s Prachand chopper. Safran is prepared to collaborate with India to manufacture the AMCA engine and has agreed to all the terms and conditions outlined by that country.
A proposal to jointly develop a brand-new, cutting-edge 110-kilo Newton thrust engine for India’s AMCA fighter project with the DRDO’s Gas Turbine Research Establishment has also been received by the Indian government from the French company Safran (GTRE).
Like its rival in Europe, Rolls Royce, Safran has an interest in the result. It played a big role in the 36 Rafales that India bought in 2016. The M88 engine base type serves as the foundation for the joint venture between SAFRAN and DRDO, which is planned with full ToT.
According to the most recent developments, the AMCA will have the newest technologies, including powerful weaponry systems, AI voice commands, and advanced technology. Therefore, the engine of the airplane is important since, without it, it cannot mark or use its fighting strength.
The company that can accept the conditions like technology transfer and future assistance for aircraft engine maintenance, as well as export rights for AMCA aircraft, should be chosen after taking into account all of the pros and cons of the three engine manufacturers. If all the requirements are met, H A L will decide which employer to offer to produce the AMCA engine.