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The Nine Freedoms of the Air – Jetline Marvel

The Nine Freedoms of the Air - Jetline Marvel

Most of us travel from one city to another city via road we need to get permission to that specific city if it is in another country like a visa or Road access permission to use its property for revenue purposes to carry passengers and Cargo. Similarly, In the airline Industry, it is also important that the Company have permission to fly and access that country whether it’s for stoppage flying above them, or Operating the passengers within that country This is called Freedom of the Air.

Some countries together they agree with certain conditions to access their Aerospace for to access for the airline to travel above their nation. If the bilateral is done for Their own countries’ airlines or other countries’ airlines. In this chapter, we understand how this thing is carried out. What all the condition has to look into that.  

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The Freedoms of the Air are international commercial aviation agreements (traffic rights) that grant a country’s airline(s) the privilege to enter and land in another country’s airspace. They were formulated in 1944 at an international gathering held in Chicago (known as the Chicago Convention) to establish uniformity in world air commerce. There are generally considered to be nine freedoms of the air.

Most nations of the world exchange first and second freedoms through the International Air Services Transit Agreement. The other freedoms,chase freedom airline miles when available, are usually established between countries in bilateral or multilateral air services agreements. The third and fourth freedoms are always granted together. The eighth and ninth freedoms (cabotage) have been exchanged only in limited instances

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First Freedom:

The basic permission granted to an airline from one country (A) to fly through the airspace of another country (B)

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The Nine Freedoms of the Air - Jetline Marvel

Second Freedom:

The permission for a commercial airplane from country (A) to land and refuel (often called a technical stop) in another country (B).

The Nine Freedoms of the Air - Jetline Marvel

Third Freedom :

The privilege for an airline to transport paying (Revenue) passengers from its home country (A) to another country (B).

The Nine Freedoms of the Air - Jetline Marvel

Fourth Freedom

The rights for an airline to transport paying (Revenue )passengers from another country (B) to the airline’s home country (A).

The Nine Freedoms of the Air - Jetline Marvel

Fifth Freedom

Fifth Freedom (also known as beyond rights): The rights for an airline to transport passengers from its home country (A) to a destination (B), then pick up and carry passengers to other international destinations (C).

The Nine Freedoms of the Air - Jetline Marvel

Sixth Freedom:

Sixth Freedom (Combination of Third & Fourth Freedoms) The right for an airline to carry passengers or cargo between two foreign countries (B and C), provided the aircraft touches down in the airline’s home country (A).

The Nine Freedoms of the Air - Jetline Marvel

Seventh Freedom:

The authorization for an airline to operate flights that start in a foreign country (B), skip its home country (A), and transport passengers to another international destination (C).

The Nine Freedoms of the Air - Jetline Marvel

Eighth Freedom Air

The rights for an airline to transport passengers from one location within a country’s territory (B) to another point within the same country on a flight originating in the airline’s home country (A). This right is commonly referred to as cabotage and is notably scarce outside of Europe.

The Nine Freedoms of the Air - Jetline Marvel

Ninth Freedom Air

The entitlement for an airline from a specific country (A) to begin a flight in a foreign country (B) and transport passengers from one location to another within that foreign country. This concept, also referred to as stand-alone cabotage, distinguishes itself from the traditional aviation definition of cabotage by not directly involving the airline’s home country.

The Nine Freedoms of the Air - Jetline Marvel
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Airlines

Severe Turbulence on Qatar Airways Flight from Doha to Dublin Injures 12

Severe Turbulence on Qatar Airways Flight from Doha to Dublin Injures 12

Twelve people, including six crew members, were injured when a Qatar Airways flight from Doha to Dublin encountered severe turbulence.

The incident occurred while the aircraft was flying over Turkey. Dublin Airport confirmed the injuries through a post on X (formerly Twitter), stating that the plane was met by emergency services upon landing.

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This response included the Airport Police and the Fire and Rescue department due to reports of injuries among both passengers and crew. The airport’s statement noted, “Upon landing, the aircraft was met by emergency services, including Airport Police and our Fire and Rescue department, due to six passengers and six crew reporting injuries after the aircraft experienced turbulence while airborne over Turkey.

The Dublin Airport team is providing full assistance on the ground to passengers and airline staff. Qatar Airways has initiated an internal investigation into the incident. The airline emphasized that the safety and security of its passengers and crew are its top priorities.

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Health authorities reported that 20 people remain in intensive care following the turbulence incident. Some individuals sustained serious injuries, including those to the spinal cord, brain, and skull.

Passenger Paul Mocc described the chaotic scene to Irish broadcaster RTE, recalling people “hitting the roof” and food and drink being thrown around. He noted that despite some crew members limping with bandages, they managed to continue providing service to passengers.

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FAA reveals that 300 Boeing planes could result in fuel tank explosions

FAA reveals that 300 Boeing planes could result in fuel tank explosions

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has brought attention to a concerning issue with Boeing aircraft that could lead to fuel tank explosions, adding to the litany of safety concerns surrounding the aerospace giant’s products.

According to a proposed rule from the FAA, Boeing’s 777 liner has been found to have dangerously poor electrical insulation near its fuel tank, posing a significant risk of ignition and subsequent fire or explosion. This revelation comes amid heightened scrutiny of Boeing’s aircraft due to several recent incidents highlighting potential safety flaws.

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The impacted aircraft encompass nearly 300 Boeing 777s across the United States, including various models such as the 777-200, -200LR, -300, -300ER, and 777F series. In response to the discovery, the FAA has proposed a $14 million solution to address the issue across all 292 affected US-registered airplanes.

The proposed solution involves the installation of electrical bonding and grounding components in the center fuel tank, as outlined in the proposed Airworthiness Directive (AD) issued by the FAA. This comprehensive repair process includes extensive inspections, lasting approximately 90 hours per aircraft, followed by the installation of Teflon sleeves and cap fasteners in specific areas of the fuel tanks.

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Crucially, the financial burden of these repairs would not fall on Boeing but on the operators and airlines that own the affected aircraft. The proposed timeline for completing the repairs extends up to 60 months.

Boeing, in response to the FAA’s proposed rulemaking, expressed its full support for making the guidance mandatory and emphasized that the issue does not present an immediate safety-of-flight concern. The company highlighted the multiple redundancies built into modern commercial airplanes to mitigate risks from electromagnetic effects.

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Airbus A340s Join SpiceJet Fleet for Delhi-Bangkok Flights, Replacing Boeing 737s

Airbus A340s Join SpiceJet Fleet for Delhi-Bangkok Flights, Replacing Boeing 737s

In a strategic move aimed at accommodating the surge in demand during the holiday season, SpiceJet has announced a significant upgrade to its Delhi-Bangkok route.

The airline revealed plans to swap out its narrow-body Boeing 737s with wide-body Airbus A340s, marking a substantial increase in seating capacity and comfort for passengers. Commencing on May 31 and extending until June 20, 2024, travelers on the Delhi-Bangkok route can expect a notable enhancement in their flying experience.

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The introduction of the Airbus A340s, with a seating capacity of 324 passengers per flight, promises to meet the escalating demand for travel between the two bustling destinations.

SpiceJet’s commitment to providing unparalleled service to its customers, particularly during peak travel periods. By leveraging the larger capacity of the A340s, the airline aims to ensure that passengers have greater flexibility and convenience in planning their journeys.

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The decision to upgrade to wide-body aircraft comes at a time when Bangkok continues to allure Indian travelers with its vibrant blend of work and leisure opportunities, further facilitated by visa-free entry for Indians. Recognizing the importance of catering to this growing demand, SpiceJet’s move is poised to strengthen its position in the market and solidify its reputation for customer-centric innovation.

It’s worth noting that SpiceJet’s utilization of the Airbus A340s extends beyond the Delhi-Bangkok route. The airline currently operates two A340s, sourced from Romanian operator Legend Airlines, primarily for Hajj pilgrimage flights.

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