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How will be the Tejas Mark 2 compared to the F-16 block 50/52?

How will be the Tejas Mark 2 compared to the F-16 block 50/52?

Welcome back to Jetline Marvel. In this article, we will compare the Indian-built Tejas Mark 2 fighter jet to the American-built F16 fighter jet.

The F16 is a historic fighter jet that has been in service for 43 years and has set many benchmarks. The official name of the F-16 is “Fighting Falcon,” but its pilots and crews commonly refer to it as “Viper.” It is controlled by a fly-by-wire system, and it is the first fighter jet to have a frameless bubble canopy, providing pilots with a 40-degree look-down angle over the sides.

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This is a battle-tested fighter jet. Interoperable with the coalition and allied forces. It has over 13 million sorties and is still growing. Estimated.

Let us understand both aircraft specifications.

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-Tejas was built in 2015, whereas the F16 was built in 1978.

-Both operate single-crew aircraft.

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-According to the most recent updates, Tejas has built nearly 33 aircraft, but the F16 C has around 4,606 units. It is exported to many countries under US agreements.

-Tejas is 43.3 feet long, while the F16 is 49.2 feet long.

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-It has a width of 26.2 feet, while the F16 has a width of 32.8 feet.

-The Tejas stands 14.4 feet tall, while the F16 stands 15.7 feet tall.

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-The Tejas has a fuel capacity of 3,400kg, while the F16 has a capacity of 3,200kg.

-The Tejas Mark 2 has an empty weight of around 7,850 kg, while the F16 has an empty weight of 8,600 kg.

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-The maximum take-off weight of the Tejas is 17,500 kg, while the F16 has a maximum take-off weight of 19,200 kg, which is nearly 2000 kg more.

-Both fighter jets have a G limit of plus 9.

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-Tejas mark2 has a single General Electric F414-INS6 after burning turbofan with FADEC and 98 kN of power.

-The F16 is powered by a single General Electric F110 afterburning turbofan engine that produces 127.2 kN of thrust with the afterburner.

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-The F16 aircraft has a top speed of 1,317 mph, or around 2,120 kph.

-Tejas Mark 2 has a top speed of up to 2,385 km/h and a top speed of 1.8 Mach. which is greater than the f16

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-The F16 has a range of 4,220 kilometers and a ceiling of 50,000 feet.

-Tejas Mark 2 has a range of 2,500 kilometers and can reach a height of 56,758 feet.

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US Built F16

The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon is a single-engine multirole fighter aircraft designed for the United States Air Force. It began as a day fighter with air superiority and evolved into a successful all-weather multirole aircraft. Since production began in 1976, over 4,600 aircraft have been built.

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The seat-back angle was increased from 13 degrees to 30 degrees, increasing pilot comfort and tolerance to gravity forces. Because of the F-16’s “fly-by-wire” system, the pilot has excellent flight control.

Instead of cables and linkage controls, electrical wires relay commands. A side stick controller is used instead of the traditional center-mounted stick for easy and accurate control of the aircraft during high G-force combat maneuvers.

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F16 can carry AAMs, air-to-ground missiles, rockets, or bombs; electronic countermeasures, navigation, targeting, or weapons pods; and fuel tanks on nine hardpoints – six under the wings, two on the wingtips, and one under the fuselage – can be carried by aircraft. Sensor or radar pods can also be installed in two other locations under the fuselage.

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-The nose section of the F16 is armed with a 20 mm single 6 barrel rotary M61A1 cannon.

-It has 11 harpoints, with 2 wing tip launch rails, 6 under wing and 3 under fuselage pylon stations, and a storage capacity of up to 7,700 kg.

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-It has four rocket pods that can carry Hydra 70mm, CRV 7, and Zuni 127mm rockets.

-It has the ability to transport air to air Missiles such as the 6 AIM 9 Sidewinder, AMRAAM, IRIS, Python 4 and Python 5.

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-Maverick, HARM, and Joint air-to-surface missiles are examples of air-to-surface missiles. Air-to-surface standoff missile, as well as a joint standoff weapon

-It is armed with anti-ship missiles AGM 84 and 119 penguins.

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-It is capable of carrying a wide range of bombs, including combined effects munitions, Gator mines, sensor fuzed weapons, general purpose bombs, GP bombs, small diameter bombs, GBU, 10, 12, 24, 27, pave way 2,3 bombs.

-It can also carry Joint attack munition and wind-corrected munitions dispensers, as well as B61 and B83 nuclear bombs.

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-It is armed with eight CBU 87 combined effects munition, a Gator mine, and sensor-fueled weapons.

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Tejas Mk2

The HAL Tejas Mark 2, also known as the Medium Weight Fighter, is a single-engine, canard delta wing, multirole combat aircraft designed and developed in India by ADA and HAL. It is an improved version of the HAL Tejas, with a longer airframe, close-coupled canards, new sensors, and a more powerful engine.

It is being designed and developed to replace the IAF’s SEPECAT Jaguar, Dassault Mirage 2000, and Mikoyan MiG-29 strike fighters. The first flight of the Tejas Mark 2 is scheduled for 2023, with series production beginning in 2026.

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The first satellite navigation system produced in India across Asia Pacific

The Tejas Mk-2 will be guided by the ‘Made in India’ Uttam AESA radar. This indigenous radar is thought to be sophisticated.

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– Tejas Mark 2 has a single 30 mm cannon gun at the front nose and 13 hard points capable of carrying up to 6.5 tonnes of armament beneath the wings.

-It has air-to-air missiles such as the ASRAAM, Meteor, and ASTRA.

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-Air-to-surface missiles such as the indigenously built Brhamos, Storm Shadow, and Crystal Maze will be developed further. and Rudram anti-radiation missiles 1, 2, 3

-It can carry precision-guided munition such as Spice, HSLD, Glide, and SAAW bombs developed by the DRDO.

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-It has an indigenously developed laser-guided bomb, similar to Sudarshan. as well as cluster munition CATS ALFA, loitering munition, unguided bomb

-Tejas MK-2 is expected to have a ferry range of 3500 km, which is the maximum range an aircraft can carry with its internal fuel tanks and three drop tanks. Otherwise, the Tejas MK-2’s minimum predicted combat range is 1500 km, which is quite impressive.

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-The aircraft would be designed to be network-centric. The cockpit would be so advanced that it would be “optionally manned,” which means that if the pilot faints due to factors like extreme G-Forces, the pilot’s HMD would notify ground control, who would be able to control the aircraft.

The flight cost of the Tejas Mark 1 export variant is approximately US$41 million, which is 309 crore Indian rupees. and the price for mark 2 has yet to be determined.

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Lockheed Martin upgraded F-16 Block 70/72: $64 million, which is more than Rs 480 crore.

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He is an aviation journalist and the founder of Jetline Marvel. Dawal gained a comprehensive understanding of the commercial aviation industry.  He has worked in a range of roles for more than 9 years in the aviation and aerospace industry. He has written more than 1700 articles in the aerospace industry. When he was 19 years old, he received a national award for his general innovations and holds the patent. He completed two postgraduate degrees simultaneously, one in Aerospace and the other in Management. Additionally, he authored nearly six textbooks on aviation and aerospace tailored for students in various educational institutions. jetlinem4(at)gmail.com

Aerospace

China Developing Comac C939 Wide Body Aircraft to Compete with A350 and B777

China Developing Comac C939 Wide Body Aircraft to Compete with A350 and B777


China’s Comac aircraft company is currently underway with the development of its own wide-body aircraft, the C939, positioned to compete with industry stalwarts like the Boeing 787 and Airbus A350 in the future. This strategic move by Comac involves crafting the next iteration with enhanced capacity and extended range capabilities, marking a significant leap forward in technological advancement compared to the current C919 aircraft.

Air China has inked a substantial deal worth a staggering $10.8 billion, based on list prices, to acquire 100 Comac C919 jets, signaling a strong vote of confidence in the domestic challenger to aerospace giants Airbus and Boeing.

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China Comac C919 Total Order

With both China Southern and Air China combining orders for nearly 200 aircraft, the prospects for the new C919 aircraft appear increasingly promising for future fleet growth. To date, Comac has garnered orders for nearly 1,100 aircraft.

China is contemplating the development of another wide-body aircraft, the C939, poised to significantly bolster the aerospace industry in China.

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COMAC has initiated work on the C939, a new wide-body airliner. While design concepts have been formulated, it will still take several years before a prototype materializes, according to reports from the South China Morning Post, citing anonymous sources.

Initially intended to be a joint venture with Russia, plans were halted due to Russia’s decision to safeguard its copyrights and technological advancements within its borders. Consequently, collaboration between China and Russia on aircraft development was discontinued. Sources suggest that China is vigorously pursuing new avenues for the independent development of its own wide-body aircraft, crucial for accommodating larger passenger capacities and extended flight ranges.

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Comac C939 competes with Boeing 777 and A350

Information regarding the program remains limited. COMAC has refrained from commenting on the development of the new aircraft type, stating that official announcements will be made in due course. Nevertheless, the C939 could potentially accommodate up to 390 passengers, positioning it to compete with the largest Boeing 777 and Airbus A350 aircraft.

In addition to the prospective C939, COMAC is already advancing with the development of another widebody aircraft, known as the C929. This aircraft is poised to rival the Boeing 787 and Airbus A330, boasting 280 seats and a range approaching 6,500 nautical miles.

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Since obtaining certification in late 2022, the COMAC C919 has been operational, accumulating nearly 1,000 firm orders, predominantly from Chinese-owned airlines and leasing companies.

With multiple widebody aircraft in the pipeline, COMAC stands to achieve parity with the two leading international aircraft manufacturers. Boeing, with its 777 and 787 models, and Airbus, with the A330neo and A350, both have a comparable range of offerings. However, Boeing’s aircraft are encountering delays and production challenges despite substantial orders, while the A350 is performing commendably, though the A330neo’s order intake has not met initial projections.

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How much does C919 cost?

China is under pressure to fulfill the current orders for the C919 aircraft, prompting plans to expand production facilities across various regions within the country. The aim is to ramp up production capacity for C919 planes to 150 aircraft annually over the next five years. The latest reports indicate that the C919 is priced around $99 million, comparable to the price of Boeing 737 Max and Airbus A320 aircraft, with expectations for further price reductions in the future.

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While the C919 has yet to be certified in major aviation markets outside of China, only four have been delivered thus far. In the long term, COMAC’s widebody aircraft will vie for global competitiveness. One potential benefit of COMAC aircraft could be in reducing China’s reliance on Western aircraft manufacturers. However, this shift won’t happen immediately; the current delivery rate of four aircraft in nearly 18 months is not sustainable, and both Airbus and Boeing have established manufacturing facilities in China to cater to its sizable market.

Nevertheless, assuming COMAC addresses the issues impeding deliveries, there’s a plausible scenario where the manufacturer assumes a significant role, particularly as China’s aviation market continues to expand.

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As the C939 progresses through its development stages, more details are expected to emerge. Comparisons between official specifications of the C929 and C939 will be noteworthy, as will the initial orders for each aircraft type. However, it’s anticipated that neither will undergo test flights or enter into service for several years.

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Aerospace

Airbus Reveals Innovative Hybrid Aircraft, Blending Plane and Copter Designs

Airbus Reveals Innovative Hybrid Aircraft, Blending Plane and Copter Designs

Airbus Helicopters has unveiled a groundbreaking innovation in rotorcraft technology with the introduction of an experimental hybrid aircraft, blending the features of a plane and a helicopter.

Named the Racer, this one-of-a-kind demonstrator model integrates traditional overhead rotor blades with two forward-facing propellers, aiming stability with speed. The primary objective behind this engineering marvel is to significantly reduce response times for critical missions such as search-and-rescue operations.

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Priced at 200 million euros ($217 million), the Racer represents a pioneering leap in rotorcraft design, poised to revolutionize the industry. Beyond its immediate applications, including search-and-rescue missions, the Racer’s potential extends to military endeavors, aligning with NATO’s ongoing exploration of next-generation helicraft. However, the realization of such prospects hinges upon the alignment of future operational requirements.

Designed to operate at a cruise speed exceeding 400 km/h, the Racer demonstrator is meticulously engineered to strike a delicate balance between speed, cost-efficiency, and mission performance.

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Notably, the aircraft targets a notable reduction in fuel consumption, aiming for a 20% decrease compared to contemporary helicopters of similar caliber. This feat is made possible through aerodynamic optimization and an innovative eco-mode propulsion system, developed in collaboration with Safran Helicopter Engines.

The hybrid-electrical eco-mode system allows for the temporary suspension of one of the two Aneto-1X engines during cruise flight, thereby contributing to a reduction in CO2 emissions. Moreover, the Racer seeks to address environmental concerns by focusing on lowering its operational acoustic footprint, showcasing its commitment to sustainability.

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Building upon the success of Airbus Helicopters‘ X3 technology demonstrator, which previously pushed the boundaries of helicopter speed by achieving a remarkable 472 km/h, the Racer represents a significant evolution in aerodynamic configuration and technological innovation.

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Aerospace

IndiGo to Order 100 Small Planes from Airbus, ATR, or Embraer

IndiGo to Order 100 Small Planes from Airbus, ATR, or Embraer


IndiGo, India’s leading airline, is in talks with three aircraft manufacturers to acquire a fleet of at least 100 smaller planes, aiming to bolster its regional operations, as per a report by the Economic Times.

The airline’s recent order of 30 A350 aircraft underscores its strategic focus on expanding its reach with wide-body and long-range planes, targeting increased traffic from various regions across the country.

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Now, the focus shifts to enhancing connectivity on shorter routes within India’s domestic network, tapping into the regional airline market. IndiGo is currently in discussions with ATR, Embraer, and Airbus for this purpose. With 45 ATR-72 aircraft already in operation, accommodating 78 passengers each, and five more expected this year, the airline is leaning towards ATR, although Airbus A220 and Embraer’s E-175 remain contenders.

Having established itself as a key operator of Airbus A320 aircraft, with over 450 on order for future delivery, IndiGo continues to strengthen its fleet.

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This move follows closely on the heels of the recent agreement to purchase 30 Airbus A350-900 aircraft, a significant step that will facilitate the airline’s expansion both domestically and internationally. This deal marks IndiGo’s entry into the wide-body aircraft segment, further solidifying its position in the market.

IndiGo’s strategy includes penetrating tier 1, 2, and 3 cities within India’s regional aviation market using smaller aircraft.

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As India maintains its status as the world’s fastest-growing aviation market, airlines are striving to meet the escalating demand amid challenges faced by aircraft manufacturers in meeting production targets.

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