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Four myths about air turbulence. How Dangerous Is It?
Turbulence is what nervous fliers worry the foremost after they board Associate in Nursing craft. it’s additionally the foremost common reason for injury to air passengers – within the U.S.A. alone there area unit an calculable fifty eight injuries annually thanks to turbulence. Pilots can forever keep their seat belts fixed whereas seated on an craft and can typically advise you to try to to a similar. however is it extremely one thing to be afraid of?. British Airways pilot Steve Allright explains what exactly is Turbulence.
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What causes turbulence?
Many different things could cause turbulence, however every and each one in all them is thought and understood by pilots. a day I fly, I expect alittle quantity of turbulence, even as I’d expect the odd bump within the road on the drive to figure. Turbulence is uncomfortable however not dangerous. it’s a part of flying, and isn’t to be feared.
Different aspects of the weather cause differing types of turbulence. CAT is associate degree abbreviation for Clear Air Turbulence – the foremost common type of turbulence you’re probably to expertise.
Air tends to flow as a horizontal snaking river known as a jet stream. A airstream will typically be thousands of miles long however is sometimes solely some miles wide and deep. looking on the direction of travel, our flight planners either avoid (into a headwind) or use (into a tailwind) these jet streams to chop fuel prices, as they will flow up to 250 mph. rather like a fast-flowing watercourse whirling against the bank, wherever the sting of the airstream interacts with slower moving air, there could also be some mixture of the air that causes turbulence.
Can or not it’s avoided?
You cannot see CAT, you can not sight it on measuring system and you can not accurately forecast it, however there square measure different ways that of avoiding it. within the main we tend to consider reports from different craft, that we tend to hear either directly or that square measure passed on by traffic management. we tend to then take into account the choices out there to America. Our endeavours to fly at associate degree altitude that has been reportable as swish could also be prevented by many constraints such another craft occupying that level, or the burden of the craft at that point.
Whatever the circumstances, your pilot can realize the foremost snug path to your destination while not compromising your safety. rather like you, we tend to expertise the movement and would favor a sander ride.
Is turbulence additional probably on certain routes?
Any field is at the mercy of sturdy winds on any given day. an equivalent applies to jet streams on any given route, though there’s typically additional likelihood of turbulence crossing the ITCZ (Intertropical Convergence Zone) once flying south across continent, to Illustrate.
How dangerous will turbulence get?
Flight crews round the world share a standard classification of turbulence: light, moderate and severe. The definitions square measure set down in our manuals associate degreed facilitate America to create an assessment on what our course of action ought to be. For the fearful flyer, even light turbulence are often disconcerting. For pilots, light turbulence is not any different to a rough road for a taxi driver or a rather uneven section of track for a train driver – a small, however all safe, inconvenience and really much a part of our daily lives. In light turbulence, the craft could also be deviating by simply some feet in altitude.
Moderate turbulence strikes no worry into pilots, as they will experience this level of turbulence for some hours in each thousand hours they fly. it always lasts for no over ten or quarter-hour, however often might last for many hours, on and off. this type of turbulence can enervate even some regular travellers and can cause drinks to spill. The craft could also be deviating in altitude by ten or twenty feet. No action is needed by the pilot to regulate the aircraft, however the flight crew might commit to attempt a special altitude if the turbulence persists.
Severe turbulence is very rare. during a flying career of over 10,000 hours, I actually have concerning severe turbulence for about 5 minutes in total. it’s very uncomfortable however not dangerous. The craft could also be deviating in altitude by up to a hundred feet (30 metres) about, up moreover as down, however nothing just like the thousands of feet you hear some folks talking regarding once it involves turbulence.
I ought to stress that this level of turbulence is thus rare that leisure travellers can nearly actually ne’er expertise it and nor can most business folks.
Steve Allright may be a British Airways coaching captain and author of the book Flying confidently. British Airways frequently runs “Flying with Confidence” courses at field round the Great Britain. See flyingwithconfidence.com
Courtesy : The Telegraph,
Modification with external source : Jetline Marvel
Total sales of Boeing, Airbus, and Embraer at Farnborough Airshow 2022
Farnborough Airshow has emerged as the key event for the aerospace industry. A significant occurrence has demonstrated the future demand for aircraft. We have provided some sales information for Airbus, Boeing, and Embraer.
As of yesterday’s Farnborough airshow closing ceremony for 2022. It experienced the high demand aviation expansion expected by Boeing and Airbus in the following years. The same has been reported by OAG. As the airshow has become a game changer for several manufacturers and a new challenger in modifying the strategy to attract customers.
Let us begin with Boeing. The Boeing company performed exceptionally well at the airshow, receiving the greatest number of orders and commitments to purchase the aircraft despite the fact that the aircraft manufacturer had previously faced criticism for the Boeing 737 Max, but after the aircraft returned to commercial service, few airlines still consider the Boeing 737 Max for their airlines.
The Boeing corporation has three significant airlines in the pipeline with production halts owing to clarification and certifications: the Boeing 737-10 max and the Boeing 787, as well as the Boeing 777x, which is in the experimentation phase.
With all of the challenges and successes, Boeing is poised to challenge the market with great confidence. The long wait has finally come to an end. Since the Farnborough airshow, the company’s reputation has improved and demand has returned to pre-show levels.
On Boeing last day at Farnborough, the company maintained high order rates, and airlines are placing new orders. Surprisingly, the Boeing 737 Max is in high demand, with orders for more than 253 aircraft, including purchase commitments for purchasing aircraft. As Boeing demonstrated, the majority of commercial and defense products are attracting attention.
- Norwegian Air Shuttle ASA recommitment to purchase 30 Boeing 737 MAX 8 aircraft.
- Aviation Capital Group Announce Order for 12 737-8 Jets
- 777 Partners announced a new order and commitment for up to 66 737 MAX jets
- Qatar Airways Finalize Order for 25 737 MAX Airplanes
- Saltchuk Aviation Orders Up to Four Additional 767-300 Boeing Converted Freighters.
- Azerbaijan Airlines to Expand its Boeing 787 Dreamliner Fleet, Signs Memorandum of Understanding to Purchase Four More Airplanes
- BBAM Orders 9 More 737-800 BCF, Takes First Position at New Conversion Line
- AerCap, World’s Largest 787 Customer, Adds Five Boeing 787 Dreamliner’s to Its Fleet
- Air company Armenia and Georgian Airlines Add Capacity with Order for three 737-800 Boeing Converted Freighters.
- All Nippon Airways (ANA), held a signing ceremony today at the Farnborough International Airshow to formalize an order for 20 737-8 airplanes, with 10 options in addition to the airline’s selection of the new 777-8 Freighter.
- Delta Carrier selects largest 737 MAX model, ordering 100 737-10s with options for 30 more jets
Boeing received the following total orders as of the last day of the Farnborough airshow 2022.
- 253 – Boeing 737 max
- 12 – B737-800 BCF
- 4 – Boeing 767-300 F
- 9 – Boeing 787
- 2 – Boeing 777x
Airbus has also competed fiercely with Boeing, launching a number of technologies at airshows. Airbus displays its best-selling aircraft, the A320 Neo and the A350, as well as other products. Airbus‘ recent legal dispute with Qatar Airways has had a negative influence on the aircraft market here. Qatar Airlines has picked the Boeing 737 Max aircraft after cancelling an order for Airbus A320 aircraft. Aside from that, Airbus has received a good number of orders for A320 aircraft from regular clients.
Airbus also showcased the Airbus A350 ITA airlines exceptional cabin interiors, which were the show’s highlight. We had the aircraft interior tour. Airbus is continuing to develop the Airbus A350 to the next level; as of today, it is the best and most successful aircraft, providing good competition to Boeing aircraft.
- LATAM Airlines reinforces fleet with additional order for 17 A321neo, endorses A321XLR
- easyJet confirms order for a further 56 A320neo Family aircraft
- Delta Air Lines has firmed up orders for 12 A220-300 aircraft
Airbus received the following total orders as of the last day of the Farnborough airshow.
- 17 – A321 neo
- 56 – A320 neo
- 12 – 220-300
Embraer has also performed admirably in the airshow. It displays the important aircraft. In the airshow, an Embraer E192-E2 aircraft with two liveries presents a stunning key display. Embraer anticipated with the eVTOL projects, which have also experienced significant progress. Embraer also got orders for the passenger and freighter versions of the aircraft. In comparison to other airshows, Embraer fared exceptionally well.
- Alaska Air Group Orders Eight New E175 Aircraft for Operation with Horizon Air
- Porter Airlines Orders a Further 20 Embraer E195-E2s to Support Major Expansion Plan
- NAC Places Two Embraer E190F With Astral Aviation
Embraer received the following total orders as of the last day of the Farnborough airshow.
- 8 – 175
- 20 – E195-E2
- 2- E190F
Airbus, Boeing’s sustainable and Hydrogen technology overviews
Boeing and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd (MHI) announced they will build on their decades-long partnership and collaborate on achieving the world’s ambitious climate targets. The memorandum of understanding (MOU) is focused on jointly studying enabling sustainable technologies – including hydrogen, electrification, sustainable materials, zero climate impact propulsion technologies, and new aircraft design concepts as well as commercializing sustainable aviation fuels (SAF). Boeing and MHI will together study new feed stocks and technologies for SAF production, including in the area of green hydrogen and carbon capture.
Airbus has joined Hy24, the world’s largest clean hydrogen infrastructure investment fund managed by Ardian, a global private investment firm, and FiveTHydrogen, an investment manager specialising in clean hydrogen initiatives.
The Hy24 investment fund will give financial backing for genuine, large-scale green hydrogen infrastructure projects around the world. Airbus’ participation demonstrates its commitment to the expansion of a worldwide hydrogen economy, which is required for the successful entry-into-service of its zero-emission commercial aircraft by 2035.
Embraer projects with Widerøe such as ‘Project Zero’ – a collaboration with Rolls-Royce to study a truly zero emission aircraft (zero NOx and other greenhouse gases) of around 50 seats. This complementary work looks at all aspects of developing and operating the 19-50 seat Energia concepts.
The above statistics are based on the company’s press release; if you have any more corrections or updates, please contact us at [email protected]
Alaska Airlines plans streaming-fast satellite Wi-Fi upgrades to E175 regional jets
Alaska Airlines elevates its regional flying experience with an all-jet fleet, and become the first major airline to announce plans to offer streaming-fast satellite Wi-Fi on a regional jet aircraft. It have selected Intelsat’s newest satellite Wi-Fi technology to make that happen.
How Does In-Flight Wi-Fi Really Work?(Opens in a new browser tab)
Intelsat’s new system closely aligns with Alaska’s needs for regional fleet. The new, faster service will utilize an electronically steered array (ESA) which is a small, lighter weight antenna with no moving parts – making it easier to maintain in the unique regional environment. In an industry first, Intelsat’s new system will communicate with both traditional geostationary (GEO) satellites and new low Earth orbit (LEO) satellites. With an additional $25 million investment, this upgrade represents a major step forward in the travel experience for guests, enabling higher speeds and more coverage in the air, particularly across areas in the state of Alaska.
The new system will debut on Horizon Air, and sister airline, in early 2024 and roll out across regional jet fleet, including on partner SkyWest, over a two-year period. With nearly all mainline fleet set to feature satellite Wi-Fi by this April – also installed by Intelsat, on track to provide consistent streaming-fast Wi-Fi across entire fleet by 2026.
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With satellite Wi-Fi, you can stream, browse and chat on board using the internet much like you’re used to when you’re on the ground. You can enjoy content on your personal devices from your favorite services such as Netflix, Hulu, YouTube and TikTok. Or jump online if you need connectivity to get some work done. Another bonus: On aircraft enabled with satellite Wi-Fi, you can connect from the moment you board instead of waiting for the connection to kick in after the boarding door closes – it’s seamless connectivity from gate to gate.
How to get admission in Emirates Aviation university ? Fees, Courses and durations.
How to get admission to Emirates Aviation university? Fees, Courses, and durations.
The aviation industry is an extremely specialised industry and one of the most dynamic and competitive global industries. It is currently the most important means of transportation in the travel sector. however, a lot of people wish to work in airport management. Due to the limitation on the quality of education, it is in demand everywhere.
The most well-known airline in the world and among the top 10 finest airlines in the world when it comes to the Middle East is undoubtedly Emirates. Of course, its personnel deserve all the credit for consistently performing their jobs to a high quality. Companies’ policies and educational advice to employees are heavily prioritized in order to obtain such quality work. So, Dubai, Emirates has established its own university.
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Due to the standards and efforts, the corporate foundation upholds the Emirates name throughout the world. Emirates University was founded in early 1991, but it only began to gain notoriety in 2016 and importance when Emirates Airlines implemented flying training education as the first-course requirement. Gradually, they began to create short-term courses, graduate and post-graduate degrees, and diplomas.
Due to the demand, they take into consideration both the merit-based and regular admissions policies for the numerous students from various nations who are enrolled in this university. In this article, we’ll go over how to get accepted to Emirates University.
We’ll start the process by going step by step.
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You must only apply on the Emirates University website to be considered for admission here. Once the institution receives the documents, the procedure is channelled, and once it has been checked, you will be notified within four weeks or longer of the application.
You want to apply to the study programmes offered by EAU. Which programme, though, is ideal for you? according to where you are now at in your academic or professional career.
If you’re just getting started, have a look at the Foundation and Diploma programmes. These will provide you with a solid foundation in the area of specialisation you have selected and get you ready for future academic study or entry-level work in the industry. Prospective overseas students will have the option of enrolling completely online, partially on-campus, or through blended learning as of January 2023.
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Do you think you need a graduate degree or a postgraduate degree? If so, you can apply in that section, and the following courses will accept you if you meet the minimum requirements.
- Postgraduate Programmes: Internationally-recognised MBA, MSc and MA degrees
- Engineering Programme: Specialised technical and aviation-focused engineering courses
- Business Programmes: Choose a programme in aviation, logistics, or general management
- Professional Training Courses: Licensed Flight Operations Management courses
- Entry Requirement’s
Generally speaking, you must demonstrate a specific level of English proficiency (precise requirements vary depending on the course) and give proof of your prior academic achievement. Additionally, additional qualifications or licences may be required for some advanced and professional-level courses.
After choosing a programme, confirming that you meet the entry requirements, and gathering your supporting papers, you can submit an online application.
Give the online application form your complete details. Your application form’s mistakes or omissions will be enough to cause it to be rejected or terminated.
The Admissions Office will send you a conditional letter of acceptance if the credentials mentioned in your online application fulfil the entry requirements of the chosen programme.
The offer letter of acceptance only covers the semester for which it was asked (Full-Time Programmes) Modular, part-time, and postgraduate programmes, unless otherwise specified, are valid for six months after the date of issuance.
Fees & payments
The starting price for a postgraduate programme ranges from 26,390 to 35,000 USD. And the price range for an undergraduate programme is between 21,350 and 23,280 USD. While the starting price for a degree programme in the UK will range from 25,540 to 17,027 USD. Whereas for online interactive programme and Diploma foundation programme it will cost 13,513 USD.
Registration and Tuition fees
Once admitted to a programme at EAU, a non-refundable registration fee in addition to the tuition fee. The programmes where these fees will be charged are listed under “Fees Overview.”
The tuition fee for undergraduate programme students covers the cost of registering for a minimum of five courses, or 15 credit hours. Students who plan to register for more than 15 credit hours must pay an additional tuition fee per credit hour. The cost of tuition for summer courses is also determined by the number of credit hours.
Several scholarships, study packages, and discounts are available to students at Emirates Aviation University.
All full-time students must have a current UAE residence visa on them at all times while they are enrolled at Emirates Aviation University. If all registration requirements are satisfied and the course fee is paid, we can help our students obtain a UAE residence visa through our university’s sponsorship programme.
To get more information you can visit Emirates Aviation University’s website: Click here.
Emirates Flight Training Academy
Emirates also provides a flight school where you may learn how to fly an aircraft for specific fees and if you meet the requirements, you can join.
One of the most coveted flight training schools in the world is EFTA. For new admissions, there are just a few spaces available, so please think about the following criteria before you apply.
- You must be healthy, at least 160 cm tall, and between the ages of 17 and 26.
- You must have successfully completed high school and have earned passing grades in English, Math, and Physics.
- Your level of English language competence must be at least TOEFL 510, 5.5 for IELTS, or 65 for the iBT.
Only cadets at the Emirates Flight Training Academy engage in flight training, which is a regular aspect of life at the Academy. This implies that you will have the chance to acquire a full operating experience in a single integrated environment.
There are 22 Cirrus SR22 G6 aircraft in the fleet of the Emirates Flight Training Academy. five Phenom 100EV Embraer aircraft. You will complete all of your in-flight training on the Academy’s 1,800-meter runway, which is one of its distinctive features. The Academy’s main building houses more than 100 instructor workstations. The location of the instructors, who each have a desk designated to them, is here. There are separate lounge and pantry spaces for each station.
Furthermore, there is a 99% possibility that you will be hired by certain airlines and find work there as well. Emirates offers numerous opportunities for aspiring pilots to receive training at its state-of-the-art facilities with all the amenities. You can apply at the following link if you believe you are prepared to be a pilot. Share this article with others if you find it to be helpful.
To apply for Flying training you should check this link: Click here
Worlds Ugliest Aircraft
The Super Guppy
The Aero Spacelines Super Guppy is a large, wide-bodied cargo aircraft that is used for hauling outsize cargo components. It was the successor to the Pregnant Guppy, the first of the Guppy aircraft produced by Aero Spacelines. Five were built in two variants, both of which were colloquially referred to as the “Super Guppy”
The first, the Super Guppy, or “SG”, was built directly from the fuselage of a C-97J Turbo Stratocruiser, the military version of the 1950s Boeing 377 “Stratocruiser” passenger plane. The fuselage was lengthened to 141 feet (43 m), and ballooned out to a maximum inside diameter of 25 ft (7.6 m), the length of the cargo compartment being 94 ft 6 in (28.8 m). The floor of the cargo compartment was still only 8 ft 9 in (2.7 m) wide, as necessitated by the use of the Stratocruiser fuselage.
In addition to the fuselage modifications, the Super Guppy used Pratt & Whitney T-34-P-7 turboprop engines for increased power and range, and modified wing and tail surfaces. It could carry a load of 54,000 pounds (24,494 kg) and cruise at 300 mph (480 km/h).
The de Havilland DH.106 Comet was the world’s first commercial jet airliner. Early Comet models suffered from metal fatigue, causing a string of accidents. The redesigned Comet 4 series enjoyed a long and productive career of over 30 years.Was operated by Royal Aircraft Establishment Bedford on Nimrod AEW radar trials. The aircraft was later scrapped at Bedford.
The McDonnell XF-85 Goblin was an American prototype fighter aircraft conceived during World War II by McDonnell Aircraft. It was intended to be deployed from the bomb bay of the giant Convair B-36 bomber as a parasite fighter. The XF-85’s intended role was to defend bombers from hostile interceptors, a need demonstrated during World War II. Two prototypes were constructed before the program was terminated.
Transavia PL-12 Airtruk
The Transavia PL-12 Airtruk is a single-engine agricultural aircraft designed and built by the Transavia Corporation inAustralia. The Airtruk is a shoulder-wing strut braced sesquiplane of all-metal construction, with the cockpit mounted above a tractor engine and short pod fuselage with rear door. The engine cowling, rear fuselage and top decking are of fibreglass. It has a tricycle undercarriage, the main units of which are carried on stub wings. It has twin tail booms with two unconnected tails. Its first flight was in 22 April 1965, and was certified on 10 February 1966The Airtruk is also sometimes known as the Airtruck. Because the name “Airtruck” was registered by the New Zealand companies Bennett Aviation Ltd and Waitomo Aircraft Ltd, for their PL-11, Transavia found another name for their PL-12 (“Airtruk”)
The PL-11 Airtruck
The PL-11 Airtruck was in fact a successful crop-duster, appreciated by the pilots who flew it for a living. Only two were built, in New Zealand, but some of the 118 examples of its successor, the Australian Transavia PL-12 Airtruk, are still at work all over the world. The Airtruck and Airtruk were designed for a specific job—aerial application—rather than adapting a conventional airplane to the task. The pilot was placed high above both the engine and the chemicals hopper, rather than sitting between them waiting to be crushed in a crash, and the perch gave him a superb view for low-level maneuvering.
If the Lockheed Constellation was a dolphin, the Deux-Ponts was a manatee. Yet it was an excellent airplane, flying for Air France, the French Armée de l’Air and a few smaller operators from 1952 through 1971. With two full passenger decks, it could seat 135 in a pinch, substantially more than its only double-deck competition, the Boeing 377 Stratocruiser—which in fact had only a partial lower deck configured as a cocktail lounge. But it was unpressurized and had a capacity far beyond what any airline of the time needed.
Short Sturgeon SB3
The Short Sturgeon was a planned British carrier-borne reconnaissance bomber whose development began during Second World War with the S.6/43 requirement for a high-performance torpedo bomber, which was later refined into the S.11/43 requirement which was won by the Sturgeon. With the end of the war in the Pacific production of the aircraft carriers from which the Sturgeon was intended to operate was suspended and the original reconnaissance bomber specification was cancelled
Boeing – Phalcon 707
The EL/M-2075 is a solid-state L-band conformal array radar system for use on a Boeing 707 and other aircraft. Phalcon, as the complete AEW mission suite is referred to, is intended for airborne early warning, tactical surveillance of airborne and surface targets and intelligence gathering. It also integrates the command and control capabilities needed to employ this information
The system can be fitted to a number of aircraft, including the Boeing 707, Boeing 767, Boeing 747 series aircraft. Under a contract signed with Chile in 1989, the first Phalcon system to be installed was fitted to a former LanChile Boeing 707, and was first flown in 1993. In May 1994 the aircraft was delivered to the Chilean Air Force, where it is known as the Condor.
The Avro Shackleton was a British long-range maritime patrol aircraft for use by the Royal Air Force (RAF) and the South African Air Force (SAAF). It was developed by Avro from the Avro Lincoln bomber, itself being a development of the famous wartime Avro Lancaster bomber. The type is named after the polar explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton.
Entering service with the RAF in 1951, the Shackleton was used primarily in the anti-submarine warfare (ASW) and maritime patrol aircraft (MPA) roles; it also became used as a search and rescue (SAR) platform and for performing several other secondary roles such as being a troop-transport. In later life, a small number of the RAF’s Shackletons were subsequently adapted for airborne early warning (AEW) duties, performing in this capacity until the type’s retirement in 1991. The Shackleton was also procured by South Africa, and would be operated by the SAAF between 1957 and 1984.
The Handley Page Victor was a Britishjet-power edstrategic bomber, developed and produced by the Handley Page Aircraft Company, which served during the Cold War. It was the third and final of the V-bombers operated by the Royal Air Force(RAF), the other two V-bombers being the Avro Vulcan and the Vickers Valiant. The Victor had been developed to perform as part of the United Kingdom’s airborne nuclear deterrent. In 1968, the type was retired from the nuclear mission following the discovery of fatigue cracks, which had been exacerbated by the RAF’s adoption of a low-altitude flight profile to avoidinterception.
The Gee Bee Model R Super Sportster was a special purpose racing aircraft made by Granville Brothers Aircraft of Springfield, Massachusetts at the now-abandoned Springfield Airport (Massachusetts). Gee Bee stands for Granville Brothers. The 1932 R-1 and its sister plane, the R-2, were the successors of the previous year’s Thompson Trophy-winning Model Z.
hughes XH-17 , helicopter
The XH-17 “Flying Crane” was the first helicopter project for the helicopter division of Hughes Aircraft. The XH-17, which had a two-bladed main rotor system with a diameter of 134 feet (41 m), was capable of flying at a gross weight of more than 50,000 pounds (23,000 kg).
How has Boeing’s B787 dreamliner turned into a nightmare?
The Kamov Ka-226 “Sergei” is a small, twin-engined Russian utility helicopter. The Ka-226 features an interchangeable mission pod, rather than a conventional cabin, allowing the use of various accommodation or equipment configurations. The Ka-226 entered service in 2002.
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Boeing Dream Lifter
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The Boeing 747 Dreamlifter (formerly Large Cargo Freighter or LCF) is a wide-body cargo aircraft. Cargo is placed in the aircraft by the world’s longest cargo loader. It is an extensively modified Boeing 747-400 and is used exclusively for transporting 787 aircraft parts to Boeing’s assembly plants from suppliers around the world.
The Airbus A300-600ST (Super Transporter) or Beluga, is a version of the standard A300-600 wide-body airliner modified to carry aircraft parts and oversized cargo. It was officially called the Super Transporter at first, but the name Beluga became popular and has now been officially adopted.
In 1991 Aérospatiale and DASA, two of the major Airbus partners, formed a company to develop a replacement. The starting point was the design for the wide-body twin-enginedAirbus A300: the wings, engines, landing gear, and the lower part of the fuselage are the same as the A300 while the upper part of the fuselage is an enormous horseshoe-shaped structure 7.7 m (25 ft) in diameter
They are ugly but their work contribution towards Aviation industries is Tremendous and Unique , We love this aircraft all time.
Source: Respective-companies-media-press. Wikipedia,
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Top 5 selling Narrow Body aircraft
In this post, we’ll take a look at some of the most widely used and best-selling narrow-body aircraft.
We will look at some of the popular narrow-body aircraft in this article. which are taken into account based on the rankings and orders. The newest generation of these aircraft recently made its market debut. Let’s explore these planes.
1. Airbus A320neo family
Due to its advanced technology and effectiveness, the Airbus A320 neo is one of the most popular airplanes worldwide. It is one of the most commonly purchased airplanes ever produced by the Airbus company.
By 2019, the market share of the A320neo over the rival Boeing 737 MAX was 60%. More than 130 customers have placed orders for 8,502 A320neo family aircraft as of July 2022, and 2,341 of those aircraft had already been delivered.
China’s top 3 airlines will purchase nearly 300 Airbus A320neo aircraft. (Opens in a new browser tab)
The Airbus A320 neo family of aircraft represents a technological advancement over the Airbus A320. It was put into orbit on December 1st, 2010, and took off for the first time in September 2014. compared to existing A320 engines, maintenance costs are 20% cheaper. and emits fewer carbon emissions and noise.
It can be equipped with two different types of engines: the Pratt & Whitney PW1000 and the CFM Leap 1A. Customers can select either one of them. As of July 2022, there have been no accidents involving hull loss or fatalities in the A320neo series.
Boeing received the most orders at the Farnborough airshows in 2022. (Opens in a new browser tab)
2. Boeing B737 MAX aircraft.
The Boeing 737 MAX is the fourth generation of the Boeing 737, a narrow-body airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes, a division of the American company Boeing. It replaces the Boeing 737 Next Generation and competes with the Airbus A320neo series (NG).
Initiated in August 2011, the program made its first flight in January 2016 and was certified by the FAA in 2017. Malindo Air was the first user of this aircraft.
More than 863 airplanes have already been produced by Boeing. The FAA authorized the production of the aircraft after it was halted for two years. Boeing would complete some of the backlog delivery obligations by 2023. As demand rises, Boeing is increasing manufacturing to produce more aircraft.
COMAC C919 Successfully Completes Flight Tests(Opens in a new browser tab)
3. Airbus A220 family
Another game-changing aircraft from Airbus is the A220. The fewer passengers and shorter routes network are best suited for this aircraft. Airbus Canada Limited Partnership is the manufacturer of the five-abreast Airbus A220 family of narrow-body aircraft. It served as the Bombardier CSeries for two years after its initial design by Bombardier.
The program was introduced on July 13, 2008, and the A220-100, formerly known as the CS100, flew for the first time on September 16, 2013. After Airbus purchased a 50.01% part in the project through a joint venture set up in 2016, the plane was relaunched as the A220 in July 2018.
Six airBaltic Airbus A220s were grounded due to a lack of spare parts(Opens in a new browser tab)
It has fly-by-wire flight controls, highly efficient engines, and substantial use of composite materials, similar to the wide-body Boeing 787 Dreamliner and Airbus A350 XWB, and is propelled by Pratt & Whitney PW1500G geared turbofan engines.
The aircraft family has a range of 6,670 kilometers and can lift a maximum of 70.9 tonnes off the ground. Both launch companies reported better-than-expected fuel burn and dispatch dependability in addition to receiving praise from the crew and passengers.
4. COMAC Family
Unreleased on the market yet, a new Chinese aircraft has already reached a significant number of orders, which inspires trust in the firm making it.
The Chinese aviation authorities have awarded the C919 its all-flying certification, and this year’s market release is anticipated.
Chinese aircraft company Comac created the narrow-body airliner known as the Comac C919 for commercial use. In 2008, the development program was introduced. The first prototype went into production in December 2011, and it was finished on 2 November 2015 and had its first flight on 5 May 2017.
It is powered by Chinese ACAE CJ 1000A turbofan engines or CFM Leap engines. be able to travel 5,555 kilometers with 156–168 passengers in its typical operating configuration (3000 nmi). Comac had 1008 pledges as of the end of August 2018, including 305 firm orders, many of which came from Chinese leasing companies or airlines. Up to 77.3 tonnes, maximum take-off weight and 20,400 kg payload are permitted.
The majority of Chinese consumers have already committed to purchasing C919 aircraft, and Comac is already working on the next iteration. A long-range, 250–320-seat wide-body twinjet aircraft family called the Comac C929 is being developed by CRAIC, a joint venture between the Chinese Comac and the Russian United Aircraft Corporation.
5. Embraer E190-E2 family.
Another aircraft that fits inside a 5,000-kilometre travel segment is the Embraer. Regional airlines would benefit most from using this aircraft.
A medium-range jet is the Embraer E195. The E190-E2 was the first type, and it made its first flight on May 23, 2016, was certified on February 28, 2018, and went into service with Widere on April 24, 2018.
The two sizes of Pratt & Whitney PW1000G turbofans, fly-by-wire controls with new avionics, and upgraded cabins are shared by the three twinjet variants. They also have the same four-abreast narrow-body fuselage with varying lengths and three different new wings.
The E195-E2 will be 9.4 feet long and have three seat rows than the E195, and it can hold 146 people.
Two GE engines, and two Pratt & Whitney PW1919G engines, can power this aircraft. Embraer aims to reduce fuel consumption by 16 to 24% and maintenance costs by 15 to 25 percent per seat.
It has 146 seats and can hold up to 88 passengers. Additionally, it has a maximum take-off weight capacity of 61 tonnes and a payload capacity of 16 tonnes. Its range is 4,917 kilometers. It has currently gotten orders for almost 241 aircraft.
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Aircraft comparisons between the Chinese-built comac C919 and the Boeing 737 max 8
In this post, we’ll compare two narrow-body aircraft, one from the United States (the Boeing 737 Max 8 aircraft) and one from China (the Comac C919 aircraft), which was just domestically manufactured.
China is seeking a larger market to supply its aircraft to domestic and foreign customers. Eastern China Airlines has recently received delivery of its first aircraft. With regard to its Boeing 737 segment of aircraft, Boeing already holds the largest market share. Undoubtedly, if the Comac aircraft becomes widely used, Boeing may lose market share in China.
Let’s analyze the specifications of both aircraft.
The Boeing 737 MAX is the fourth generation of the Boeing 737, a narrow-body airliner manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes (BCA), a division of the American company Boeing. The first MAX 8 was delivered in May 2017 to Malindo Air, which began using it on May 22, 2017. A MAX 8 carrying 162 passengers on a 3,000 nautical mile (5,600 km) flight is anticipated to burn 1.8 percent less fuel than an airplane with blended winglets.
Compared to the A320neo, the MAX 8 is heavier at takeoff and has a lower empty weight. During a test flight for Aviation Week, the aircraft was flying at a less-than-ideal height while cruising at a real airspeed of 449 knots (832 km/h) and weighing 140,500 pounds (63,700 kg). The Boeing 737 MAX 8 completed its first flight test in La Paz, Bolivia. The 13,300-foot altitude at El Alto International Airport tested the MAX’s capability to take off and land at high altitudes.
In early 2017, a new B737-8 was valued at $52.85 million, rising to below $54.5 million by mid-2018, and the latest version is having a 200 Seater variant under construction for Ryanair. With a 160-passenger capacity, the 737-8 has so far been the most popular model.
Aircraft comparisons between the Chinese built Comac C919 and the Embraer E195-E2.(Opens in a new browser tab)
A narrow-body airliner called the Comac C919 was created by the Chinese company Comac, and it had its inaugural flight on May 5, 2017. Not early than 2022 or 2023 is anticipated for the first commercial deliveries of the aircraft to China Eastern Airlines. Comac had 1008 pledges as of the end of August 2018, including 305 firm orders, many of which came from Chinese leasing companies or airlines.
At Shanghai Pudong International Airport, the C919 successfully completed its first pre-delivery flight test. According to Comac, the aircraft successfully finished a three-hour test session on May 14, 2022. This year will see the delivery of the aircraft in the livery of the Chinese company OTT Airlines, a division of China Eastern. The aircraft was listed in May 2022 for 653 million yuan (US$95 million), nearly matching the prices of the Airbus A320neo and Boeing 737 Max rivals and more than double the earlier estimate of US$50 million.
How the Comac C919 similar from the A320 and B737 Max.(Opens in a new browser tab)
The C919 has a lower maximum fuel capacity than the A320 and 737-800, As a result, the normal variant’s range is only 2,200 nm and the extended range variants is 3,000 nm, respectively. Because the C919 was built to accommodate more passengers than the Boeing 737-800 in a standard all-economy configuration, COMAC was able to expand the fuel capacity and, consequently, the range of the aircraft.
China certifies C919 jet to compete with Airbus and Boeing(Opens in a new browser tab)
Here are some of the differences between the Boeing 737-8 and the Comac C919:
- Manufacturing: The Boeing 737-8 is manufactured by Boeing, a US-based aerospace corporation, while the Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China (COMAC), a Chinese state-owned aircraft manufacturer, the Comac C919.
- History: The Boeing 737 is a well-known aircraft model that has been in service for almost 50 years, whereas the Comac C919 is a newer aircraft that is currently in development.
- Size: The Comac C919 is slightly smaller than the Boeing 737-8, with a seating capacity of up to 210 people compared to the 737-8’s 174 seats.
- Range: The Boeing 737-8 has a range of about 6,570 km (3,550 nmi), whereas the Comac C919 has a range of about 5,576 km (3,011 nmi)
- Engines: The Boeing 737-8 is powered by CFM International LEAP engines, while the Comac C919 is powered by CFM International LEAP-1C engines.
- Cost: The Comac C919 is generally considered to be less expensive than the Boeing 737-8, with a list price of approximately $95 million compared to the $99.7 million list price of the 737-8.
- Orders: The Boeing 737-8 has over 5,800 orders from airlines all over the world, while the Comac C919 has over 800 orders.
- Customers: The Boeing 737-8 is used by various airlines, including several major worldwide carriers, but the Comac C919 is mostly used by Chinese airlines.
- Certification: The Boeing 737-8 has been certified by aviation authorities worldwide, including the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in the United States and the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), while the Comac C919 is still in the certification process.
- Performance: The Boeing 737-8 has a proven track record of reliability and performance, but the Comac C919 is still in the midst of demonstrating its potential.
10 best airlines in the world for on-time performance 2022.
Airlines assist us in getting to most destinations on time, however, some outside variables like air and ground traffic cause delays. However, several airlines continue to have the finest on-time Performance record. According to Cirium here is a ranking of the top airlines that honor their promises to travelers. Begins with the list of the Brazilian low-cost airline Azul Top.
India’s top 5 Punctual airlines at the moment.(Opens in a new browser tab)
The pioneer in global aviation analytics, Cirium, has crowned Azul Airlines the top airline in the world for on-time performance (88.93%) and nearly (279,722)flights for 2022. The Cirium 2022 On-Time Performance Review, the industry benchmark for airline and airport performance, will be released later this week. It includes statistics for all airline categories as well as additional information and analysis.
An operationally difficult environment was present over the past year, especially in Europe and North America, where numerous airlines and airports saw delays, interruptions, and resource issues. Others keep breaking through Covid restrictions, particularly in the Asia Pacific region. Despite this environment, several airports and airlines globally achieved success.
Airlines With the Most Delays This Year, According to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics(Opens in a new browser tab)
The Cirium Platinum Award for worldwide operational excellence went to Delta Air Lines for the second year in a row. This award takes into account a variety of elements, such as on-time performance, operational complexity, and an airline’s capacity to minimize the effects of flight disruption on its passengers.
Global airline leaders were:
|Airline||On time ranking||On time arrival||Total flights|
|(LA) LATAM Airlines||4||86.31%||451,651|
|(DL) Delta Air Lines||5||83.63%||1,004,684|
|(AV) SA AVIANCA||6||83.48%||144,525|
|(UA) United Airlines||8||80.46%||789,200|
|(QR) Qatar Airways||9||78.32%||152,377|
|(AA) American Airlines||10||78.29%||1,076,100|
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